The study of equivalent dose of uranium in long bean (V. U. Sesquipedalis) and the effect on human

Nur Shahidah Abdul Rashid, Tengku Mohammad Yoshandi, Sukiman Sarmania Amran Ab Majid, Faizal K.P. Kunchi Mohamed, Khoo Kok Siong Kok Siong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In the case of accidental release of Uranium-238 (238U) radionuclides in a nuclear facility or in the environment, internal contamination by either acute or chronic exposure has the potential to induce both radiological and chemical toxic effects. A study was conducted to estimate the 238U radionuclide concentration in the long beans using Induced Coupled Mass Plasma-Spectrometry (ICP-MS). 238U radionuclide is a naturally occurring radioactive material that can be found in soil and can be transferred to the long bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. Sesquapedalis) directly or indirectly via water or air. Kidney and liver are the major sites of deposition of 238U radionuclide. The obtained dose exposed in the liver and kidney is used to assess the safety level for public intake of 238U radionuclide from the consumption of long beans. The concentration of 238U radionuclide measured in long bean samples was 0.0226 ± 0.0009 mg/kg. Total activity of 238U radionuclide was 0.0044 ± 0.0002 Bq/day with the daily intake of 0.3545 ± 0.0143 μg/day and the annual committed effective dose due to ingestion of 238U radionuclide in long beans was 0.2230 ± 0.0087 μSv/year. The committed equivalent dose of 238U radionuclide from the assessment in the liver and kidney are 0.4198 ± 0.0165 nSv and 10.9335 ± 0.4288 nSv. The risk of cancer of 238U radionuclide was determined to be (86.0466 ± 3.3748) × 10-9. Thus, the results concluded that 238U radionuclide in local long beans was in the permitted level and safe to consume without posing any significant radiological threat to population.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1704
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413511
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2016
Event6th International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015 - Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Duration: 17 Aug 201519 Aug 2015

Other

Other6th International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015
CountryMalaysia
CityNilai, Negeri Sembilan
Period17/8/1519/8/15

Fingerprint

radioactive isotopes
uranium
dosage
kidneys
liver
uranium 238
ingestion
radioactive materials
soils
safety
contamination
cancer
air
estimates

Keywords

  • Equivalent Dose
  • Long Bean (V.U.Sesquipedalis)
  • Uranium
  • Uranium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Rashid, N. S. A., Yoshandi, T. M., Majid, S. S. A. A., K.P. Kunchi Mohamed, F., & Kok Siong, K. K. S. (2016). The study of equivalent dose of uranium in long bean (V. U. Sesquipedalis) and the effect on human. In Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015 (Vol. 1704). [050013] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4940109

The study of equivalent dose of uranium in long bean (V. U. Sesquipedalis) and the effect on human. / Rashid, Nur Shahidah Abdul; Yoshandi, Tengku Mohammad; Majid, Sukiman Sarmania Amran Ab; K.P. Kunchi Mohamed, Faizal; Kok Siong, Khoo Kok Siong.

Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015. Vol. 1704 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016. 050013.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Rashid, NSA, Yoshandi, TM, Majid, SSAA, K.P. Kunchi Mohamed, F & Kok Siong, KKS 2016, The study of equivalent dose of uranium in long bean (V. U. Sesquipedalis) and the effect on human. in Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015. vol. 1704, 050013, American Institute of Physics Inc., 6th International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, 17/8/15. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4940109
Rashid NSA, Yoshandi TM, Majid SSAA, K.P. Kunchi Mohamed F, Kok Siong KKS. The study of equivalent dose of uranium in long bean (V. U. Sesquipedalis) and the effect on human. In Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015. Vol. 1704. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2016. 050013 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4940109
Rashid, Nur Shahidah Abdul ; Yoshandi, Tengku Mohammad ; Majid, Sukiman Sarmania Amran Ab ; K.P. Kunchi Mohamed, Faizal ; Kok Siong, Khoo Kok Siong. / The study of equivalent dose of uranium in long bean (V. U. Sesquipedalis) and the effect on human. Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015. Vol. 1704 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016.
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abstract = "In the case of accidental release of Uranium-238 (238U) radionuclides in a nuclear facility or in the environment, internal contamination by either acute or chronic exposure has the potential to induce both radiological and chemical toxic effects. A study was conducted to estimate the 238U radionuclide concentration in the long beans using Induced Coupled Mass Plasma-Spectrometry (ICP-MS). 238U radionuclide is a naturally occurring radioactive material that can be found in soil and can be transferred to the long bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. Sesquapedalis) directly or indirectly via water or air. Kidney and liver are the major sites of deposition of 238U radionuclide. The obtained dose exposed in the liver and kidney is used to assess the safety level for public intake of 238U radionuclide from the consumption of long beans. The concentration of 238U radionuclide measured in long bean samples was 0.0226 ± 0.0009 mg/kg. Total activity of 238U radionuclide was 0.0044 ± 0.0002 Bq/day with the daily intake of 0.3545 ± 0.0143 μg/day and the annual committed effective dose due to ingestion of 238U radionuclide in long beans was 0.2230 ± 0.0087 μSv/year. The committed equivalent dose of 238U radionuclide from the assessment in the liver and kidney are 0.4198 ± 0.0165 nSv and 10.9335 ± 0.4288 nSv. The risk of cancer of 238U radionuclide was determined to be (86.0466 ± 3.3748) × 10-9. Thus, the results concluded that 238U radionuclide in local long beans was in the permitted level and safe to consume without posing any significant radiological threat to population.",
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