The social impact of French occupation on Egypt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to study social reforms and progress during the French occupation of Egypt from 1798 to 1801 and determine the true extent of the claim that occupation had positive effects leading to modernization of Egypt. This issue needs to be re-visited and re-evaluated in view of scholars who are still inclined to this opinion. Based on historical facts, this study finds that there was not much reform done in the country and the little done was only in the interest of the French, whether in terms of intellect, education, technology and so on. On the contrary, French arrival and colonisation had resulted in extensive destruction of property and a huge loss of lives from war and rebellion. In addition, the French had exposed the Islamic society of Egypt to negative characteristics of the Western culture. Genuine reform and progress only came after the French retreated, during the time of Muhammad 'Ali Pasha (1805-1849) who had brought genuine economic and socio-political progress to Egypt finally leading to positive national development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1361-1365
Number of pages5
JournalAdvances in Natural and Applied Sciences
Volume6
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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social impact
Egypt
Modernization
Social Change
Education
Economics
American Civil War
modernization
Occupations
education
Technology
economics

Keywords

  • Egypt
  • French occupation
  • Social impact

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

The social impact of French occupation on Egypt. / Mujani, Wan Kamal; Ismail, Napisah Karimah.

In: Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 8, 2012, p. 1361-1365.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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