### Abstract

Many scholarshaveinvestigatedthe relationship between the economic growth (GDP)energy consumption (EC), and emissions. The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between the economic growth (GDP), energy consumption (EC) and one of the common pollutant which is sulphuremissions SO_{2}in European countries; Austria, Sweden, Norway, France and Finland, over the period 1950 to 2010 by applying the panel data approach and test the causality between the three variables. The significant results support the bidirectional causality relationship between the EC and SO_{2} atsignificant level 5%. The estimated cross section effects model has high value of R^{2} and R^{2}adjusted than that in period effects model. SO_{2} can be explained more than 86% and 51% by EC and GDP for cross section effect model and period effect model respectively. Moreover the results of EKC test support the inverted U curve. Whilst the turning point in period effect model is (4602.82 USD$) which is almost two times higher than that in cross section effects model (2690.37 USD$). In conclusion policy makers should consider the EC as effected factor towards the SO_{2}.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 4603-4616 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics |

Volume | 11 |

Issue number | 6 |

Publication status | Published - 2015 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Economic growth
- Panel data analysis
- Sulphuremission

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematics(all)
- Applied Mathematics

### Cite this

*Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics*,

*11*(6), 4603-4616.

**The relationship between energy consumption, economic growth and sulphur emissions by panel data approach.** / Isa, Zaidi; Al Sayed, Ahmed R M; Kun, Seksok.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics*, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 4603-4616.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relationship between energy consumption, economic growth and sulphur emissions by panel data approach

AU - Isa, Zaidi

AU - Al Sayed, Ahmed R M

AU - Kun, Seksok

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Many scholarshaveinvestigatedthe relationship between the economic growth (GDP)energy consumption (EC), and emissions. The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between the economic growth (GDP), energy consumption (EC) and one of the common pollutant which is sulphuremissions SO2in European countries; Austria, Sweden, Norway, France and Finland, over the period 1950 to 2010 by applying the panel data approach and test the causality between the three variables. The significant results support the bidirectional causality relationship between the EC and SO2 atsignificant level 5%. The estimated cross section effects model has high value of R2 and R2adjusted than that in period effects model. SO2 can be explained more than 86% and 51% by EC and GDP for cross section effect model and period effect model respectively. Moreover the results of EKC test support the inverted U curve. Whilst the turning point in period effect model is (4602.82 USD$) which is almost two times higher than that in cross section effects model (2690.37 USD$). In conclusion policy makers should consider the EC as effected factor towards the SO2.

AB - Many scholarshaveinvestigatedthe relationship between the economic growth (GDP)energy consumption (EC), and emissions. The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between the economic growth (GDP), energy consumption (EC) and one of the common pollutant which is sulphuremissions SO2in European countries; Austria, Sweden, Norway, France and Finland, over the period 1950 to 2010 by applying the panel data approach and test the causality between the three variables. The significant results support the bidirectional causality relationship between the EC and SO2 atsignificant level 5%. The estimated cross section effects model has high value of R2 and R2adjusted than that in period effects model. SO2 can be explained more than 86% and 51% by EC and GDP for cross section effect model and period effect model respectively. Moreover the results of EKC test support the inverted U curve. Whilst the turning point in period effect model is (4602.82 USD$) which is almost two times higher than that in cross section effects model (2690.37 USD$). In conclusion policy makers should consider the EC as effected factor towards the SO2.

KW - Economic growth

KW - Panel data analysis

KW - Sulphuremission

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84952947651&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84952947651&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84952947651

VL - 11

SP - 4603

EP - 4616

JO - Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics

JF - Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics

SN - 0973-1768

IS - 6

ER -