The relationship between energy consumption, economic growth and sulphur emissions by panel data approach

Zaidi Isa, Ahmed R M Al Sayed, Seksok Kun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Many scholarshaveinvestigatedthe relationship between the economic growth (GDP)energy consumption (EC), and emissions. The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between the economic growth (GDP), energy consumption (EC) and one of the common pollutant which is sulphuremissions SO2in European countries; Austria, Sweden, Norway, France and Finland, over the period 1950 to 2010 by applying the panel data approach and test the causality between the three variables. The significant results support the bidirectional causality relationship between the EC and SO2 atsignificant level 5%. The estimated cross section effects model has high value of R2 and R2adjusted than that in period effects model. SO2 can be explained more than 86% and 51% by EC and GDP for cross section effect model and period effect model respectively. Moreover the results of EKC test support the inverted U curve. Whilst the turning point in period effect model is (4602.82 USD$) which is almost two times higher than that in cross section effects model (2690.37 USD$). In conclusion policy makers should consider the EC as effected factor towards the SO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4603-4616
Number of pages14
JournalGlobal Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics
Volume11
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Economic Growth
Panel Data
Energy Consumption
Energy utilization
Sulfur
Economics
Cross section
Causality
Model
Sweden
Turning Point
Pollutants
Relationships
Curve

Keywords

  • Economic growth
  • Panel data analysis
  • Sulphuremission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

The relationship between energy consumption, economic growth and sulphur emissions by panel data approach. / Isa, Zaidi; Al Sayed, Ahmed R M; Kun, Seksok.

In: Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Vol. 11, No. 6, 2015, p. 4603-4616.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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