The Quality of Life of Adolescents with Menstrual Problems

Nur Azurah Abdul Ghani, Lena Sanci, Elya Moore, Sonia Grover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To date, very few publications have examined the health related quality of life (HRQL) in the younger population with menstrual problems, despite their high prevalence in adolescent girls. We describe the health-related quality of life (HRQL) among adolescents with menstrual problems and identified factors that have an impact on it. Methods: The study was a questionnaire study (using PedsQL 4.0) of adolescents aged 13-18 referred to a tertiary gynecology center for menstrual problems between June 2009 and August 2010. Results: One hundred eighty-four adolescents completed the questionnaires. The mean age was 15.10 ± 1.49 with the mean body mass index (BMI) of 22.83 ± 4.82 kg/m2. The most common menstrual problems seen in the clinic were dysmenorrhea (38.6%) followed by heavy bleeding (33.6%), oligomenorrhea (19.6%), and amenorrhea (8.2%). The mean overall score was 70.40 ± 16.36 with 42.3% having a score below 1 standard deviation (SD) from the norms. Adolescents with dysmenorrhea had the poorest score in physical function, whereas those with amenorrhea had the lowest score in psychosocial function. Maternal parenting style, parental anxiety, adolescents' ill-health behavior, and BMI have been found to have impact on the girls' quality of life (QoL). Conclusion: Although menstrual problems are not life threatening, they can pose a significant impact on the quality of life of these patients. Identification of these impacts might lead to the recognition of potential services or education to improve this. Understanding the characteristics that predict QoL may help a clinician identify patients who are risk for poor QoL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-108
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Fingerprint

Quality of Life
Dysmenorrhea
Amenorrhea
Body Mass Index
Oligomenorrhea
Health Behavior
Parenting
Gynecology
Publications
Anxiety
Mothers
Hemorrhage
Education
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Amenorrhea
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Menstrual disorders
  • Oligomenorrhea
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

The Quality of Life of Adolescents with Menstrual Problems. / Abdul Ghani, Nur Azurah; Sanci, Lena; Moore, Elya; Grover, Sonia.

In: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, Vol. 26, No. 2, 04.2013, p. 102-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abdul Ghani, Nur Azurah ; Sanci, Lena ; Moore, Elya ; Grover, Sonia. / The Quality of Life of Adolescents with Menstrual Problems. In: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 2013 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 102-108.
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