The prevalence of functional impairment among elderly aged 60 years and above attending Klinik Kesihatan Batu 9 Ulu Langat, Selangor

Keng Yin Loh, Khairani Omar, T. Norlaili

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of functional impairment and its associated factors among patients aged 60 years and above attending Klinik Kesihatan Batu 9 Ulu Langat, Selangor. This is a cross sectional community health clinic based study. A total of 260 elderly patients attending the community health clinic were interviewed. They were clinically assessed for functional impairment by using the 9 item Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scale. There were 118 (45.4%) elderly male and 142 (54.6%) elderly female with age ranging from 60 years to 92 years with the mean age of 67.5 and 65.5 years for male and female respectively. Chinese form the largest population (42.3%) followed by Malay (36.5%), Indian (19.2%) and others (2.0%). The overall prevalence of functional impairment among elderly aged 60 years and above in this study was 33.5%. Among the functionally impaired, two patients (0.8%) were totally dependent. There were significant associations between functional impairment and older age (p=0.025), lower income group (p=0.010), lower education level (p=0.030) and history of chronic medical illness (p=0.020). Functional impairment had no significant association with ethnic group, gender, occupation and living arrangement. For daily activities that were assessed, the commonest impairment was inability to perform shopping (40%) followed by impairment in climbing up staircase (36.6%) and impairment in taking medication (35%). Advanced age, lower income, lower education and history of medical illness are associated with functional impairment. Functional impairment is an important consideration in caring for the elderly patients in the community. These findings have implications in caring of the elderly in which attention need to be paid to activities such as shopping, climbing stairs and taking medication. The use of the IADL scale is feasible for screening of functional impairment among the elderly population in the community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-193
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume60
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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Activities of Daily Living
Health
Medical Education
Occupations
Ethnic Groups
Population
Chronic Disease
Education
Stair Climbing

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Functional impairment
  • IADL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The prevalence of functional impairment among elderly aged 60 years and above attending Klinik Kesihatan Batu 9 Ulu Langat, Selangor. / Loh, Keng Yin; Omar, Khairani; Norlaili, T.

In: Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 60, No. 2, 2005, p. 188-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of functional impairment and its associated factors among patients aged 60 years and above attending Klinik Kesihatan Batu 9 Ulu Langat, Selangor. This is a cross sectional community health clinic based study. A total of 260 elderly patients attending the community health clinic were interviewed. They were clinically assessed for functional impairment by using the 9 item Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scale. There were 118 (45.4{\%}) elderly male and 142 (54.6{\%}) elderly female with age ranging from 60 years to 92 years with the mean age of 67.5 and 65.5 years for male and female respectively. Chinese form the largest population (42.3{\%}) followed by Malay (36.5{\%}), Indian (19.2{\%}) and others (2.0{\%}). The overall prevalence of functional impairment among elderly aged 60 years and above in this study was 33.5{\%}. Among the functionally impaired, two patients (0.8{\%}) were totally dependent. There were significant associations between functional impairment and older age (p=0.025), lower income group (p=0.010), lower education level (p=0.030) and history of chronic medical illness (p=0.020). Functional impairment had no significant association with ethnic group, gender, occupation and living arrangement. For daily activities that were assessed, the commonest impairment was inability to perform shopping (40{\%}) followed by impairment in climbing up staircase (36.6{\%}) and impairment in taking medication (35{\%}). Advanced age, lower income, lower education and history of medical illness are associated with functional impairment. Functional impairment is an important consideration in caring for the elderly patients in the community. These findings have implications in caring of the elderly in which attention need to be paid to activities such as shopping, climbing stairs and taking medication. The use of the IADL scale is feasible for screening of functional impairment among the elderly population in the community.",
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