The prevalence of endemic goitre in Kelantan, Malaysia.

M. Mafauzy, W. B. Wan Mohamad, Yasmin Anum Mohd Yusof, M. Musalmah, B. E. Mustafa

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Abstract

A large-scale study was undertaken in the state of Kelantan, to determine the prevalence of goitre. A total of 2,450 subjects above the age of 15 years were selected from 31 localities in the state and examination for goitre was done using the technique of Perez. The state was divided into 3 areas--coastal area (area 1), inland area (area 2) and the area in between the coast and the inland area (area 3). The overall prevalence of goitre was 36.8% and the prevalence in areas 1, 2 and 3 were 23.0%, 35.9% and 44.9% respectively and ranged from 6.9% in a locality in area 1 to 59.7% in a locality in area 3. In all areas, the prevalence was higher in females than in males. The prevalence of grades I, II and III goitres were 21.5%, 1.0% and 0.5% respectively in area 1, 33.6%, 1.5% and 0.7% respectively in area 2 and 41.7%, 2.2% and 1.0% respectively in area 3. Amongst age groups, goitre prevalence was highest in the 36 to 45 years age group in area 1 (33.9%), in the 15 to 25 years age group in area 2 (39.6%) and in the 26 to 35 years age group in area 3 (54.3%). In all the areas, goitre prevalence was lowest in the above 56 years age group. We concluded that the prevalence of goitre was high in Kelantan and there were regional differences in the prevalence rate within the state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-70
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume48
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Endemic Goiter
Malaysia
Goiter
Age Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Mafauzy, M., Wan Mohamad, W. B., Mohd Yusof, Y. A., Musalmah, M., & Mustafa, B. E. (1993). The prevalence of endemic goitre in Kelantan, Malaysia. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 48(1), 64-70.

The prevalence of endemic goitre in Kelantan, Malaysia. / Mafauzy, M.; Wan Mohamad, W. B.; Mohd Yusof, Yasmin Anum; Musalmah, M.; Mustafa, B. E.

In: Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 48, No. 1, 03.1993, p. 64-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mafauzy, M, Wan Mohamad, WB, Mohd Yusof, YA, Musalmah, M & Mustafa, BE 1993, 'The prevalence of endemic goitre in Kelantan, Malaysia.', Medical Journal of Malaysia, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 64-70.
Mafauzy M, Wan Mohamad WB, Mohd Yusof YA, Musalmah M, Mustafa BE. The prevalence of endemic goitre in Kelantan, Malaysia. Medical Journal of Malaysia. 1993 Mar;48(1):64-70.
Mafauzy, M. ; Wan Mohamad, W. B. ; Mohd Yusof, Yasmin Anum ; Musalmah, M. ; Mustafa, B. E. / The prevalence of endemic goitre in Kelantan, Malaysia. In: Medical Journal of Malaysia. 1993 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 64-70.
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