The prevalence of depression and its risk factors among Malay elderly in residential care

R. Normala, C. Azlini, M. J. Nurul, Z. M. Lukman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The motivation for the study is to improve the quality of life for elderly in residential care particularly the mental health aspect. Hence, the aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of depression and to identify risk factors related to depression among Malay elderly in residential care. Changes in social structure and economic status have shifted the direction of care for elderly people, as the value of filial piety has gradually declined among the modern Malays. The researchers hypothesized that the level of depression among institutionalized Malay elderly people is high. Altogether, 98 of Malay elderly (men 41.8%, women 58.2%) participated in this study from eight residential cares in Peninsular Malaysia. They were chosen according to the following criteria: Malay ethnic, aged 60 years and above, able to communicate and with no severe mental and/or physical health problem. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-30) was used to assess depression among the elderly. Overall, the study found that 70.4% of the Malay elderly in the residential care were diagnosed with depression, where 39.8% had mild depression and 30.6% were suffered from major depression. Five factors were identified as the high risk factors of depression among the Malay elderly i.e., sadness, helplessness, isolation, loneliness and loss of interest in activities (76.8-86.9%). As a conclusion, the prevalence of depression among the Malay elderly in the present study is high. Besides arranging a regular program on screening for depression, it is also important for the residential care providers to create and organize special activities for the elderly in order to reduce them from the risk factors of depression. They should be ensured to have a healthier and happier life at the institutions, if the residential care providers would like to increase the elderly mental health status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1456-1462
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Depression
Mental Health
Loneliness
Malaysia
Geriatrics
Health Status
Motivation
Economics
Quality of Life
Research Personnel
Health

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Elderly
  • Geriatric depression scale (GDS)
  • Malay
  • Residential care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

The prevalence of depression and its risk factors among Malay elderly in residential care. / Normala, R.; Azlini, C.; Nurul, M. J.; Lukman, Z. M.

In: American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 9, 03.07.2014, p. 1456-1462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Normala, R. ; Azlini, C. ; Nurul, M. J. ; Lukman, Z. M. / The prevalence of depression and its risk factors among Malay elderly in residential care. In: American Journal of Applied Sciences. 2014 ; Vol. 11, No. 9. pp. 1456-1462.
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