The present-day landscape of bukit keluang formation: Geoheritage potential for conservation and geotourism

Muhammad Ashahadi Dzulkafli, Norasiah Sulaiman, Azrin Azmi, Kamal Roslan Mohamed, Che Aziz Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Late Permian sedimentary rock of Bukit Keluang Formation is well exposed on three isolated hills namely the Bukit Keluang, Bukit Bubus and Bukit Dendong. The consecutive hills exhibit a unique landscape of linear ridge surrounded by the alluvial plains and are well known for their beautiful sandy beaches and outstanding landscapes. Geological landscape in the area falls into three heritage value set (scientific, aesthetic and recreational value) that in need of immediate conservation. Scientific evidence shows that the study area exhibits a unique lithologically and structurally controlled landscape characterised by first order topography of folded and thrusted sequence (anticlinal hill), linear cuesta ridge and denudation hill. Differential erosion of the conglomerate-sand-shale sequences led to the development of linear ridge with different elevation profiles. The geometric and geographic position of the hills conforms with the regional structural trend in the area with the N-S trending fault system is inferred as the major fault that displaced the Bukit Keluang Formation. Internal complexities in the individual structures in the form of cross-faults, oblique-faults and lineaments trending NW-SE, NE-SW to N-S directions have formed cave morphological feature and divide the hills into separate blocks. The geological landscape also contributes to an aesthetic value such as the beautiful hilly landscape and sandy beach, while recreational values including hiking, mountain biking and water activities. Geological heritage and geotourism could have a positive future in Bukit Keluang, Bukit Bubus and Bukit Dendong. The in-situ and ex-situ geological conservation is urgently needed in order to support the efforts to implement geoscience knowledge to the public.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2583-2593
Number of pages11
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume48
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

esthetics
beach
oblique fault
alluvial plain
denudation
lineament
conglomerate
cave
sedimentary rock
shale
Permian
topography
erosion
sand
mountain
water
trend
need
in situ
public

Keywords

  • Bukit Keluang Formation
  • Geological conservation
  • Geological landscape
  • Geotourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

The present-day landscape of bukit keluang formation : Geoheritage potential for conservation and geotourism. / Dzulkafli, Muhammad Ashahadi; Sulaiman, Norasiah; Azmi, Azrin; Mohamed, Kamal Roslan; Ali, Che Aziz.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 48, No. 11, 01.01.2019, p. 2583-2593.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dzulkafli, Muhammad Ashahadi ; Sulaiman, Norasiah ; Azmi, Azrin ; Mohamed, Kamal Roslan ; Ali, Che Aziz. / The present-day landscape of bukit keluang formation : Geoheritage potential for conservation and geotourism. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2019 ; Vol. 48, No. 11. pp. 2583-2593.
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