The potential of glycerol as a value-added commodity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glycerol is a by-product of biodiesel, soap and fatty acid manufacturing plants, which are now facing sustainability threats and a reduction in prices in the market due to its oversupply as a result of the rapid expansion of biodiesel plants all over the world. The global production and consumption of glycerol, as well as demand and supply, are evaluated here. Glycerol offers a wide range of new opportunities based on its transformation in many applications due to its unique properties, renewability and availability in the current market. This paper is a comprehensive review of the utilization of glycerol as a value-added commodity, including in the synthesis of chemicals, in the production of hydrogen gas, as a fuel additive, as a fermentation substrate, in the co-pyrolysis and co-gasification of glycerol, in methanol production, in the development of fuel cells, in wastewater treatment and in many other applications. In the future, glycerol definitely will become a promising renewable feedstock in biorefineries to synthesize fuel, chemicals and power.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-130
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume295
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

Fingerprint

Glycerol
commodity
market
fuel cell
pyrolysis
fermentation
methanol
manufacturing
fatty acid
Biofuels
sustainability
hydrogen
Biodiesel
substrate
gas
Fuel additives
Soaps (detergents)
Gasification
Fatty acids
Wastewater treatment

Keywords

  • Bio-refinery
  • Biodiesel
  • Fuel cell
  • Glycerol
  • Hydrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

The potential of glycerol as a value-added commodity. / Anitha, M.; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Tan Kofli, Noorhisham.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 295, 01.07.2016, p. 119-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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