The phonological behaviour of nasal segment in english loanwords in kelantan dialect

Sharifah Raihan Syed Jaafar, Sakinah Nik Muhammad Naziman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

This paper discusses the phonological behaviour of nasal segments in English loanwords in the Kelantan dialect of Malay. It has largely been discussed in previous Malay studies that nasal segments in words are finally deleted, as in /ikan/ → [ike] 'fish' and /jalan/ →[dzale] 'road'. The claims made by previous studies however cannot entirely hold for English words borrowed by the dialect. Based on previous data from Shapri (1980), this paper will show that some of the loanwords obey the grammar in that some nasal segments in word-final position are deleted and some are not. The obedience to grammar can be seen in words like 'attendant' [itande] and 'go astern' [goste]. Meanwhile, violation of the grammar can be seen in English words like 'canteen', 'agreement', 'accident' and 'cufflink', which are realised as [keten], [egremin], [esiden] and [kaflin], respectively, when they are borrowed by the dialect. How obedience and violation occur with loanwords will be accounted for in this paper by adopting a constraint-based analysis, Optimality theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-106
Number of pages12
JournalDialectologia
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

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dialect
grammar
obedience
accident
road
Grammar
Loanwords
Nasal
Obedience
Violations
English Words

Keywords

  • English loanwords
  • Kelantan dialect of Malay
  • Nasal segment
  • Optimality theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

The phonological behaviour of nasal segment in english loanwords in kelantan dialect. / Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Raihan; Muhammad Naziman, Sakinah Nik.

In: Dialectologia, No. 18, 01.12.2017, p. 95-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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