The pharmacological potential of oil palm phenolics (OPP) individual components

Syed Badrul Syarifah-Noratiqah, Mohamed S. Zulfarina, Shihab Uddin Ahmad, Syed Fairus, Isa Naina Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis) from the family Arecaceae is a high oil-producing agricultural crop. A significant amount of vegetation liquor is discarded during the palm oil milling process amounting to 90 million tons per year around the world. This water-soluble extract is rich in phenolic compounds known as Oil Palm Phenolics (OPP). Several phenolic acids including the three isomers of caffeoylshikimic acid (CFA), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA), protocatechuic acid (PCA) and hydroxytyrosol are among the primary active ingredients in the OPP. Previous investigations have reported several positive pharmacological potentials by OPP such as neuroprotective and atheroprotective effects, anti-tumor and reduction in Aβ deposition in Alzheimer’s disease model. In the current review, the pharmacological potential for CFA, PHBA, PCA and hydroxytyrosol is carefully reviewed and evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-719
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Oils
Pharmacology
Hydroxybenzoates
Arecaceae
Agricultural Crops
Acids
Neuroprotective Agents
Alzheimer Disease
Water
Neoplasms
protocatechuic acid
3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol

Keywords

  • Caffeoylshikimic acid
  • Hydroxytyrosol
  • Oil palm phenolics
  • P-hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Protocatechuic acid
  • Shikimic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The pharmacological potential of oil palm phenolics (OPP) individual components. / Syarifah-Noratiqah, Syed Badrul; Zulfarina, Mohamed S.; Ahmad, Shihab Uddin; Fairus, Syed; Naina Mohamed, Isa.

In: International Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 5, 01.01.2019, p. 711-719.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Syarifah-Noratiqah, Syed Badrul ; Zulfarina, Mohamed S. ; Ahmad, Shihab Uddin ; Fairus, Syed ; Naina Mohamed, Isa. / The pharmacological potential of oil palm phenolics (OPP) individual components. In: International Journal of Medical Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 16, No. 5. pp. 711-719.
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