The performance of monolithic structured calcium oxide for biodiesel

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel catalytic packing in biodiesel production using a monolithic structured support catalyst is studied. Calcium oxide (CaO) is chosen as the wash coat due to its well established property as a good catalyst. The experiment for the monolithic CaO (4 cm dia, 6 cm height and 400 cell inch-2) was performed in a 1000 mL monolithic reactor while the CaO powder experiment was carried out in a 100 mL three-necked glass reactor. Under optimum conditions, the monolithic catalyst produced 73.17% of biodiesel and for uncoated CaO on monolith still exhibited some catalytic activity (26.7% conversion). Although a high conversion of 98% was attained in powder form, the monolithic catalyst has sufficient capacity and capability to be a viable alternative that provides a structured arrangement for biodiesel production. The active property in the monolithic material, designed to achieve high cell density for a larger geometrical surface area, leads to a more efficient catalyst utilization and allows for a cleaner process overall compared to the conventional technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1959-1970
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Lime
Catalysts
Powders
Catalyst supports
Catalyst activity
Experiments
Glass

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Calcium oxide
  • Coating
  • Monolith
  • Structured support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "The performance of monolithic structured calcium oxide for biodiesel",
abstract = "A novel catalytic packing in biodiesel production using a monolithic structured support catalyst is studied. Calcium oxide (CaO) is chosen as the wash coat due to its well established property as a good catalyst. The experiment for the monolithic CaO (4 cm dia, 6 cm height and 400 cell inch-2) was performed in a 1000 mL monolithic reactor while the CaO powder experiment was carried out in a 100 mL three-necked glass reactor. Under optimum conditions, the monolithic catalyst produced 73.17{\%} of biodiesel and for uncoated CaO on monolith still exhibited some catalytic activity (26.7{\%} conversion). Although a high conversion of 98{\%} was attained in powder form, the monolithic catalyst has sufficient capacity and capability to be a viable alternative that provides a structured arrangement for biodiesel production. The active property in the monolithic material, designed to achieve high cell density for a larger geometrical surface area, leads to a more efficient catalyst utilization and allows for a cleaner process overall compared to the conventional technology.",
keywords = "Biodiesel, Calcium oxide, Coating, Monolith, Structured support",
author = "Azman, {S. R.} and Manal Ismail and Kadhum, {Abdul Amir H.} and Zahira Yaakob",
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T1 - The performance of monolithic structured calcium oxide for biodiesel

AU - Azman, S. R.

AU - Ismail, Manal

AU - Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.

AU - Yaakob, Zahira

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - A novel catalytic packing in biodiesel production using a monolithic structured support catalyst is studied. Calcium oxide (CaO) is chosen as the wash coat due to its well established property as a good catalyst. The experiment for the monolithic CaO (4 cm dia, 6 cm height and 400 cell inch-2) was performed in a 1000 mL monolithic reactor while the CaO powder experiment was carried out in a 100 mL three-necked glass reactor. Under optimum conditions, the monolithic catalyst produced 73.17% of biodiesel and for uncoated CaO on monolith still exhibited some catalytic activity (26.7% conversion). Although a high conversion of 98% was attained in powder form, the monolithic catalyst has sufficient capacity and capability to be a viable alternative that provides a structured arrangement for biodiesel production. The active property in the monolithic material, designed to achieve high cell density for a larger geometrical surface area, leads to a more efficient catalyst utilization and allows for a cleaner process overall compared to the conventional technology.

AB - A novel catalytic packing in biodiesel production using a monolithic structured support catalyst is studied. Calcium oxide (CaO) is chosen as the wash coat due to its well established property as a good catalyst. The experiment for the monolithic CaO (4 cm dia, 6 cm height and 400 cell inch-2) was performed in a 1000 mL monolithic reactor while the CaO powder experiment was carried out in a 100 mL three-necked glass reactor. Under optimum conditions, the monolithic catalyst produced 73.17% of biodiesel and for uncoated CaO on monolith still exhibited some catalytic activity (26.7% conversion). Although a high conversion of 98% was attained in powder form, the monolithic catalyst has sufficient capacity and capability to be a viable alternative that provides a structured arrangement for biodiesel production. The active property in the monolithic material, designed to achieve high cell density for a larger geometrical surface area, leads to a more efficient catalyst utilization and allows for a cleaner process overall compared to the conventional technology.

KW - Biodiesel

KW - Calcium oxide

KW - Coating

KW - Monolith

KW - Structured support

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