The missing of moral entity in modern civilization: Values and social aspects

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Modernity and the modernization process are generally accepted as favourable phenomena. While on one side of the coin we see how modernity has greatly benefited mankind in areas of science, technology and economics, the other side of the coin - the costs of modernization - has often been intentionally left unnoticed or put within footnotes as inconvenient afterthoughts. One such thorny issue that has been the source of debate between pro-modernists and anti-modernists is the effect modernization has on the values and social aspects of society. Modernity and morality are deemed to be separate concerns; one can exist without the other, or, as some believe, in place of the other. The dilemma - modernity without morality, or morality without modernity - is one that can be answered through a scrutiny of the values themselves that are held by modern societies. This research note is an attempt to compare and contrast the conventional Western approach to ethics, values and social concepts, to those that are suggested by Islam through the Quran and the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Through this exercise, we will find that where Western values have failed to avoid the dogmatic and polarizing nature of the modernity vs. morality debate, Islam has stepped up as a wholesome and balanced approach for modern civilization. This paper is divided into two main parts: i) In 'An Assessment of Western Values', we will see the concept of 'Western values' closely examined to identify its characteristics e.g. 'individualism' and proceed to recognize its gaps and shortcomings as a balancing mechanism; ii) 'Moral Entities in Islam' will then ensue to offer 'Islamic values' as a viable framework for modern societies to adopt as an all-round guide to balance modernity and morality. This research is an important step towards formulating a workable morality model that takes into consideration the detriment modernization has on values and social aspects and how to avoid such a problem.

LanguageEnglish
Pages985-994
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Natural and Applied Sciences
Volume6
Issue number6
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Fingerprint

Civilization
Social aspects
Modernization
modernization
Social Change
Islam
Research
Economics
Costs
ethics
exercise
economics
Numismatics
Ethics
Technology
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • Missing
  • Modern civilization
  • Moral entity
  • Values and social

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "The missing of moral entity in modern civilization: Values and social aspects",
abstract = "Modernity and the modernization process are generally accepted as favourable phenomena. While on one side of the coin we see how modernity has greatly benefited mankind in areas of science, technology and economics, the other side of the coin - the costs of modernization - has often been intentionally left unnoticed or put within footnotes as inconvenient afterthoughts. One such thorny issue that has been the source of debate between pro-modernists and anti-modernists is the effect modernization has on the values and social aspects of society. Modernity and morality are deemed to be separate concerns; one can exist without the other, or, as some believe, in place of the other. The dilemma - modernity without morality, or morality without modernity - is one that can be answered through a scrutiny of the values themselves that are held by modern societies. This research note is an attempt to compare and contrast the conventional Western approach to ethics, values and social concepts, to those that are suggested by Islam through the Quran and the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Through this exercise, we will find that where Western values have failed to avoid the dogmatic and polarizing nature of the modernity vs. morality debate, Islam has stepped up as a wholesome and balanced approach for modern civilization. This paper is divided into two main parts: i) In 'An Assessment of Western Values', we will see the concept of 'Western values' closely examined to identify its characteristics e.g. 'individualism' and proceed to recognize its gaps and shortcomings as a balancing mechanism; ii) 'Moral Entities in Islam' will then ensue to offer 'Islamic values' as a viable framework for modern societies to adopt as an all-round guide to balance modernity and morality. This research is an important step towards formulating a workable morality model that takes into consideration the detriment modernization has on values and social aspects and how to avoid such a problem.",
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