The Medina Treaty from the ethnicity perspective

Zaleha Embong, Nik Yusri Musa, Nazri Muslim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Medina Treaty is the first written constitution in the world, formulated in the effort to manage and arrange the way the pluralistic society lives. The people in Medina comprise of a diversity of races, tribes and religions so they require laws that can be collectively agreed upon and accepted. Upon the awareness that the ethnic diversity of a country needs to be managed the best way possible, the treaty serves to be the best model to manage this diversity. Before the emergence of Islam, the people of Medina did not have a proper political system and the people live in segregation and groups. Their lives are based on a profound group or kabilah (tribal) system and a high spirit of ethnicity so much so that they were willing to fight with each other and kill each other because of trivial matters. The Medina treaty formulated by the Nabi Muhammad SAW had successfully united this diverse society. In the Medina treaty, the Prophet had acknowledged the value of ethnicity. The strength of this value had successfully built strong ties among the pluralistic society in Medina.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1048
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

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Keywords

  • Ethnicity Value
  • Managing Diversity
  • Medina Treaty
  • Political System

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

The Medina Treaty from the ethnicity perspective. / Embong, Zaleha; Musa, Nik Yusri; Muslim, Nazri.

In: International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.03.2018, p. 1037-1048.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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