The mechanical performance of sugar palm fibres (ijuk) reinforced phenolic composites

Bushra Rashid, Zulkiflle Leman, Mohammad Jawaid, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali, Mohamad Ridzwan Ishak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sugar palm fibres are one of the natural fibres which have many features and need further study to understand their properties. The aim of this work is to investigate the flexural, compressive and impact properties of sugar palm fibres reinforced phenolic composites. Sugar palm fibres were used as a filler (particle size 150 μm) and with loading of 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 vol.%. The fibres were treated by sea water and then fabricated into composites by hot press technique. Flexural, compressive, and impact tests were carried out as per ASTM D790, ASTM D695-08a, and ASTM D256 standards, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to investigate the morphology and the interfacial bonding of the fibres-matrix in composites. The results show that the mechanical properties of the composites improve with the incorporation of fibres. The composite of 30 vol.% particle loading exhibit optimum values which are 32.23 MPa, 61.66 MPa, and 4.12 kJ/m2 for flexural, compressive, and impact strength, respectively. This was because good compatibility of fibre-matrix bonding. Consequently, sugar palm fibre is one of the prospective fibres and could be used as a potential resource to reinforcement polymer composite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1008
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

Fingerprint

Sugars
Fibers
Composite materials
Natural fibers
Impact strength
Bending strength
Compressive strength
Fillers
Reinforcement
Particle size
Mechanical properties
Scanning electron microscopy
Polymers

Keywords

  • Composites
  • Compressive
  • Flexural
  • Impact
  • Phenolic resin
  • Sugar palm fibres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

The mechanical performance of sugar palm fibres (ijuk) reinforced phenolic composites. / Rashid, Bushra; Leman, Zulkiflle; Jawaid, Mohammad; Ghazali, Mariyam Jameelah; Ishak, Mohamad Ridzwan.

In: International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, Vol. 17, No. 8, 01.08.2016, p. 1001-1008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rashid, Bushra ; Leman, Zulkiflle ; Jawaid, Mohammad ; Ghazali, Mariyam Jameelah ; Ishak, Mohamad Ridzwan. / The mechanical performance of sugar palm fibres (ijuk) reinforced phenolic composites. In: International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing. 2016 ; Vol. 17, No. 8. pp. 1001-1008.
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