The mechanical characteristics of hybridised MDF from empty fruit bunch as well as kenaf following ATH treating and prepared by pre-polymerisation method

Amamer Redwan, Khairiah Badri, Azizah Bahrum

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Within this research a new, hybridised MDF (that is; medium-density fibreboard) was manufactured with the use of EFB (that is; empty fruit bunch); KF (that is; kenaf) as well as palm-based 'pre-PU' which were used as the binding agent. There is one ratio of hybrid MDF from EFB and KF was produced which is EFB: KF, 50:50 while the ATH percentage of the entire amount of the resin was 5, 10 and 15%. At magnitudes that varied from 300-500μm, the hybridised EFB-KF mix was then augmented with ATH. The result of the ATH on the mechanical nature of the hybridised material was then assessed. Findings indicate that the control-version of the hybridised MDF was not as strong, with regard to its mechanical characteristics, when contrasted to those that were augmented and improved with ATH. Direct proportionality could be seen with regard to the Shore D hardness to the volume of the ATH used, with the Shore D increasing (to an extent of 12% in the case of the ATH volume in the MDF being increased). Additionally, the well dispersion of the ATH within and throughout the PU matrix of the cause of the greater impact-strength, modulus of rupture (MOR) and modulus of elasticity (MOE) seen whose values were seen to be in accordance with the magnitude of the ATH included. More exactingly, ATH proportionally at 5, 10 and 15% saw a relational increase in impact-strength at 7, 12 and 25%, respectively speaking. The greatest boost in MOR was 14%, being attributed to the ATH content at 15%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1784
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2016
Event2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Apr 201614 Apr 2016

Other

Other2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period13/4/1614/4/16

Fingerprint

fruits
polymerization
impact strength
acceleration (physics)
resins
modulus of elasticity
hardness
causes
matrices

Keywords

  • Aluminium trihydroxide (ATH)
  • Empty fruit bunch (EFB) kenaf fibre (KF)
  • mechanical properties
  • medium-density fibreboard
  • pre-polyurethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Redwan, A., Badri, K., & Bahrum, A. (2016). The mechanical characteristics of hybridised MDF from empty fruit bunch as well as kenaf following ATH treating and prepared by pre-polymerisation method. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1784). [030026] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966764

The mechanical characteristics of hybridised MDF from empty fruit bunch as well as kenaf following ATH treating and prepared by pre-polymerisation method. / Redwan, Amamer; Badri, Khairiah; Bahrum, Azizah.

2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016. 030026.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Redwan, A, Badri, K & Bahrum, A 2016, The mechanical characteristics of hybridised MDF from empty fruit bunch as well as kenaf following ATH treating and prepared by pre-polymerisation method. in 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1784, 030026, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016, Selangor, Malaysia, 13/4/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966764
Redwan A, Badri K, Bahrum A. The mechanical characteristics of hybridised MDF from empty fruit bunch as well as kenaf following ATH treating and prepared by pre-polymerisation method. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2016. 030026 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966764
Redwan, Amamer ; Badri, Khairiah ; Bahrum, Azizah. / The mechanical characteristics of hybridised MDF from empty fruit bunch as well as kenaf following ATH treating and prepared by pre-polymerisation method. 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016.
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abstract = "Within this research a new, hybridised MDF (that is; medium-density fibreboard) was manufactured with the use of EFB (that is; empty fruit bunch); KF (that is; kenaf) as well as palm-based 'pre-PU' which were used as the binding agent. There is one ratio of hybrid MDF from EFB and KF was produced which is EFB: KF, 50:50 while the ATH percentage of the entire amount of the resin was 5, 10 and 15{\%}. At magnitudes that varied from 300-500μm, the hybridised EFB-KF mix was then augmented with ATH. The result of the ATH on the mechanical nature of the hybridised material was then assessed. Findings indicate that the control-version of the hybridised MDF was not as strong, with regard to its mechanical characteristics, when contrasted to those that were augmented and improved with ATH. Direct proportionality could be seen with regard to the Shore D hardness to the volume of the ATH used, with the Shore D increasing (to an extent of 12{\%} in the case of the ATH volume in the MDF being increased). Additionally, the well dispersion of the ATH within and throughout the PU matrix of the cause of the greater impact-strength, modulus of rupture (MOR) and modulus of elasticity (MOE) seen whose values were seen to be in accordance with the magnitude of the ATH included. More exactingly, ATH proportionally at 5, 10 and 15{\%} saw a relational increase in impact-strength at 7, 12 and 25{\%}, respectively speaking. The greatest boost in MOR was 14{\%}, being attributed to the ATH content at 15{\%}.",
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