The Malay economy and exploitation

An insight into the past

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Numerous studies have discussed the political and economic history of Malaya with an emphasis on British economic exploitation, but with little focus on the economic exploitation of Malay rulers before the colonial era. This paper is a qualitative study exploring the economic exploitation of Malay rulers before the arrival of the British using content analysis of secondary data. The study finds that the exploitation of Malays started during the time of the Malay Sultanates when Arabs, Indians and Chinese arrived as traders and middlemen. The rulers of the pre-colonial era gave preference to foreigners over locals, and this practice confined locals to low-wage activities. The economic isolation was magnified during British rule and economic policy. After independence, the Malay economy improved due to the efforts of the nationalist political parties in implementing the New Economic Policy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-600
Number of pages12
JournalPertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Volume26
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

exploitation
economy
Economic Policy
economics
economic history
political history
low wage
Arab
social isolation
content analysis
Economy
Economics
Exploitation
Ruler
Colonial Era
Economic policy

Keywords

  • Economic exploitation
  • Malays
  • Peasants
  • Rubber plantation
  • Tin mining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

The Malay economy and exploitation : An insight into the past. / Abid, Abidullah; Mohd. Shafiai, Muhammad Hakimi; Ismail, Mohd Adib.

In: Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 26, No. 2, 01.06.2018, p. 589-600.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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