The kinetics of lightweight solid-state hydrogen storage materials

A review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen is conventionally stored as either a compressed gas or a cryogenic liquid. However, the lack of efficient storage materials has thus far critically limited the widespread adoption of hydrogen, and to overcome this limitation, a promising solid-state storage method is needed. Attractive lightweight metal-based materials for solid-state storage are characterized by the capability to reversibly store a large quantity of hydrogen and should meet or exceed the United States Department of Energy (DOE) on-board storage targets. However, the undesirable kinetic performances of metal hydrides as solid-state storage materials have hindered their practical use as hydrogen storage systems. The kinetic performances, which include the rate of hydrogen uptake or release, are among the most critical requirements of a storage system, and these performances can be determined using the hydrogen absorption and desorption rates. Thus, determining the relevant kinetics is required to supply sufficient amounts of hydrogen and to achieve fast refueling in the system. This review summarizes the kinetic performances and the efforts toward enhancing the hydrogen absorption/desorption kinetics of light metal-based materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13131-13151
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2016

Fingerprint

Hydrogen storage
solid state
Hydrogen
Kinetics
kinetics
hydrogen
Desorption
Cryogenic liquids
Light metals
desorption
compressed gas
metal hydrides
refueling
Metals
Hydrides
metals
cryogenics
requirements
Gases
liquids

Keywords

  • Alloy
  • Ball-mill
  • Catalyst
  • Nanostructure
  • Thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

The kinetics of lightweight solid-state hydrogen storage materials : A review. / Nurul, Nurul Zafirah; Yaakob, Zahira; Lim, Kean Long; Sharifah Najiha, Timmiati.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 41, No. 30, 10.08.2016, p. 13131-13151.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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