The introduction of subsidised health insurance for the poor in the city of padang, indonesia: Does the gap on health payment and health service utilisation still exist?

Ade Suzana Eka Putri, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid Syed Junid, Amrizal Muhammad Nur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Indonesian government secures the access of the poor towards health services through subsidised schemes. This study is aimed to describe the pattern of health expenditure by households and to describe the pattern of health service utilisation across household's socioeconomic level in the city of Padang after seven years of the introduction of subsidised schemes. A household survey was conducted involving 918 households, with multistage random sampling method. The proportion of out-of-pocket (OOP) health spending as a share of household's capacity to pay was regressive across consumption quintiles. The proportion of households with catastrophic health expenditure was 1.6% while 1.1% faced impoverished health expenses. Among those who need health care, the utilisation among the rich was higher than the poor. Health insurance schemes in Padang provides financial protection, however with regards to household's capacity to pay, the poor has the higher burden of health payment. The gap on health service utilisation between the poor and the better-offs was still apparent for outpatient services and it has been narrowed for inpatient care. This study suggests that the subsidised schemes for the poor are highly needed and the possibility of the leakage of subsidies to the rich should be considered by the government.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-138
Number of pages7
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume15
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Indonesia
Health Insurance
Health Services
Health
Health Expenditures
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Ambulatory Care
Inpatients

Keywords

  • Health expenditure
  • Indonesia
  • Inpatient service utilisation
  • Jaminan kesehatan nasional
  • Outpatient visit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "The introduction of subsidised health insurance for the poor in the city of padang, indonesia: Does the gap on health payment and health service utilisation still exist?",
abstract = "Indonesian government secures the access of the poor towards health services through subsidised schemes. This study is aimed to describe the pattern of health expenditure by households and to describe the pattern of health service utilisation across household's socioeconomic level in the city of Padang after seven years of the introduction of subsidised schemes. A household survey was conducted involving 918 households, with multistage random sampling method. The proportion of out-of-pocket (OOP) health spending as a share of household's capacity to pay was regressive across consumption quintiles. The proportion of households with catastrophic health expenditure was 1.6{\%} while 1.1{\%} faced impoverished health expenses. Among those who need health care, the utilisation among the rich was higher than the poor. Health insurance schemes in Padang provides financial protection, however with regards to household's capacity to pay, the poor has the higher burden of health payment. The gap on health service utilisation between the poor and the better-offs was still apparent for outpatient services and it has been narrowed for inpatient care. This study suggests that the subsidised schemes for the poor are highly needed and the possibility of the leakage of subsidies to the rich should be considered by the government.",
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AB - Indonesian government secures the access of the poor towards health services through subsidised schemes. This study is aimed to describe the pattern of health expenditure by households and to describe the pattern of health service utilisation across household's socioeconomic level in the city of Padang after seven years of the introduction of subsidised schemes. A household survey was conducted involving 918 households, with multistage random sampling method. The proportion of out-of-pocket (OOP) health spending as a share of household's capacity to pay was regressive across consumption quintiles. The proportion of households with catastrophic health expenditure was 1.6% while 1.1% faced impoverished health expenses. Among those who need health care, the utilisation among the rich was higher than the poor. Health insurance schemes in Padang provides financial protection, however with regards to household's capacity to pay, the poor has the higher burden of health payment. The gap on health service utilisation between the poor and the better-offs was still apparent for outpatient services and it has been narrowed for inpatient care. This study suggests that the subsidised schemes for the poor are highly needed and the possibility of the leakage of subsidies to the rich should be considered by the government.

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