The influence of income level and remuneration scheme on Job satisfaction among professional driving instructors in Malaysia

M. J. Zulhaidi, Baba Md Deros, S. Mohd Hanif, A. R. Ahmad Azad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aims to determine the job satisfaction (JS) level among professional driving instructors (PDIs) in the driver training and licensing system in Malaysia. Specifically, it looks at the influence of income level and remuneration scheme on PDI's satisfaction. The average income of PDI is relatively low with three remuneration schemes: fixed income; fixed income plus commission; and commission only. The study adopted the cross-sectional survey using the 20-item Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) (short-form) with end-specified 10-point scale. Analysis of the data revealed that PDIs with higher income are more satisfied with their job, t (179) = -3.248, p = 0.001. Similarly, three level One-way ANOVA of JS scores with three remuneration schemes revealed a significant difference of JS across these schemes, F (2,178) = 3.51, p ≤ 0.032. Researchers' further exploration found a significant interaction between these two variables (income level vs. remuneration scheme), F (5,175) = 4.88, p = 0.001. In general, PDIs with higher income are more satisfied with their job only if they received it as a fixed income (regardless of having commission or not). This insightful finding can be a basis for relevant stakeholders in understanding the influence of income and remuneration scheme towards JS among PDIs in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-134
Number of pages7
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume18
Issue numberSpecialissue2
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2018

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Remuneration
Job Satisfaction
Malaysia
Licensure
Analysis of Variance
Cross-Sectional Studies
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Driver licensing
  • Driver training
  • Job satisfaction
  • Malaysia
  • Professional driving instructor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The influence of income level and remuneration scheme on Job satisfaction among professional driving instructors in Malaysia. / Zulhaidi, M. J.; Md Deros, Baba; Mohd Hanif, S.; Ahmad Azad, A. R.

In: Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Vol. 18, No. Specialissue2, 10.06.2018, p. 128-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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