The influence of growing environment on the total phenol content and antioxidant activity of Ficus hispida leaves and fruits

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Abstract

Antioxidant activities in the leaves and fruits of Ficus hispida from different growing environment of Malaysia (Tasik Chini, Tasik Bera, Ayer Hitam and UKM Forest) were evaluated using the total phenol content (TPC), 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH) and ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). Variations in antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in fruit samples among growing locations were much greater than the variation observed between parts of plant (leaves and fruits), indicating that growing locations plays a more important role than parts of plant (leaves and fruits) in Ficus hispida. The data indicated that the fruits (Tasik Chini) had the highest total phenolic content (285.42 mg/ 100g DW) and antioxidant activity FRAP, DPPH and ORAC (231.02mg/100g DW, 84.03%, and 84.03μmol/g TE) respectively, while leaves (UKM forest) had the lowest total phenolic content (138.59 mg/ 100g DW) and antioxidant activity FRAP, DPPH and ORAC (126.40 mg/100g DW, 70.87%, and 70.87μmol/g TE) respectively. Correlation analyses indicated that there was a linear relationship between antioxidant activity and the total phenolic content in fruits and leaves. However, growing locations play an important role in the total phenol content and antioxidant activity of Ficus hispida leaves and fruits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3742-3747
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of ChemTech Research
Volume6
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Fruits
Phenol
Antioxidants
Phenols
Reactive Oxygen Species
Oxygen
Free radicals
Free Radicals

Keywords

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Ficus hispida
  • Growing environment
  • Total phenol content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "The influence of growing environment on the total phenol content and antioxidant activity of Ficus hispida leaves and fruits",
abstract = "Antioxidant activities in the leaves and fruits of Ficus hispida from different growing environment of Malaysia (Tasik Chini, Tasik Bera, Ayer Hitam and UKM Forest) were evaluated using the total phenol content (TPC), 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH) and ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). Variations in antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in fruit samples among growing locations were much greater than the variation observed between parts of plant (leaves and fruits), indicating that growing locations plays a more important role than parts of plant (leaves and fruits) in Ficus hispida. The data indicated that the fruits (Tasik Chini) had the highest total phenolic content (285.42 mg/ 100g DW) and antioxidant activity FRAP, DPPH and ORAC (231.02mg/100g DW, 84.03{\%}, and 84.03μmol/g TE) respectively, while leaves (UKM forest) had the lowest total phenolic content (138.59 mg/ 100g DW) and antioxidant activity FRAP, DPPH and ORAC (126.40 mg/100g DW, 70.87{\%}, and 70.87μmol/g TE) respectively. Correlation analyses indicated that there was a linear relationship between antioxidant activity and the total phenolic content in fruits and leaves. However, growing locations play an important role in the total phenol content and antioxidant activity of Ficus hispida leaves and fruits.",
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N2 - Antioxidant activities in the leaves and fruits of Ficus hispida from different growing environment of Malaysia (Tasik Chini, Tasik Bera, Ayer Hitam and UKM Forest) were evaluated using the total phenol content (TPC), 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH) and ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). Variations in antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in fruit samples among growing locations were much greater than the variation observed between parts of plant (leaves and fruits), indicating that growing locations plays a more important role than parts of plant (leaves and fruits) in Ficus hispida. The data indicated that the fruits (Tasik Chini) had the highest total phenolic content (285.42 mg/ 100g DW) and antioxidant activity FRAP, DPPH and ORAC (231.02mg/100g DW, 84.03%, and 84.03μmol/g TE) respectively, while leaves (UKM forest) had the lowest total phenolic content (138.59 mg/ 100g DW) and antioxidant activity FRAP, DPPH and ORAC (126.40 mg/100g DW, 70.87%, and 70.87μmol/g TE) respectively. Correlation analyses indicated that there was a linear relationship between antioxidant activity and the total phenolic content in fruits and leaves. However, growing locations play an important role in the total phenol content and antioxidant activity of Ficus hispida leaves and fruits.

AB - Antioxidant activities in the leaves and fruits of Ficus hispida from different growing environment of Malaysia (Tasik Chini, Tasik Bera, Ayer Hitam and UKM Forest) were evaluated using the total phenol content (TPC), 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH) and ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). Variations in antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in fruit samples among growing locations were much greater than the variation observed between parts of plant (leaves and fruits), indicating that growing locations plays a more important role than parts of plant (leaves and fruits) in Ficus hispida. The data indicated that the fruits (Tasik Chini) had the highest total phenolic content (285.42 mg/ 100g DW) and antioxidant activity FRAP, DPPH and ORAC (231.02mg/100g DW, 84.03%, and 84.03μmol/g TE) respectively, while leaves (UKM forest) had the lowest total phenolic content (138.59 mg/ 100g DW) and antioxidant activity FRAP, DPPH and ORAC (126.40 mg/100g DW, 70.87%, and 70.87μmol/g TE) respectively. Correlation analyses indicated that there was a linear relationship between antioxidant activity and the total phenolic content in fruits and leaves. However, growing locations play an important role in the total phenol content and antioxidant activity of Ficus hispida leaves and fruits.

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