The impact of human capital and innovation on labour productivity of Malaysian small and medium enterprises

Rahmah Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Human capital theory postulates that investment in human capital will increase labour quality and eventually generates higher productivity in an organisation. In small and medium enterprises (SMEs), the quality of workers is still low due to lack of investment in human capital especially in terms of training; and this is the main cause of low labour productivity, hence, leading to weak firm’s performance. This article aims to analyse the impact of human capital and innovation on labour productivity by utilising the data of 4,661 manufacturing firms of 2009 in Malaysia. In this analysis, human capital is measured by the ratio of number of professional and managerial employees; and technical and associate professional employees to total number of employees; and total expenses on training; while innovation is measured by total expenses on research and development (R&D) and on information and communication technology (ICT). The result shows that human capital and innovation play significant roles in increasing labour productivity in Malaysian SMEs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-261
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Productivity and Quality Management
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Human capital
Innovation
Labour productivity
Small and medium-sized enterprises
Employees
Expenses
Labor quality
Human capital theory
Manufacturing firms
Workers
Firm performance
Productivity
Information and communication technology
Malaysia

Keywords

  • Communication technology
  • Development
  • Employees
  • Human capital
  • ICT
  • Information
  • Innovation
  • Labour productivity
  • Labour quality
  • Malaysia
  • Manufacturing firms
  • Medium enterprises
  • R&D
  • Research
  • Small
  • SMEs
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

Cite this

The impact of human capital and innovation on labour productivity of Malaysian small and medium enterprises. / Ismail, Rahmah.

In: International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.01.2018, p. 245-261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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