The history of petroleum pollution in Malaysia; Urgent need for integrated prevention approach

Mahyar Sakari, Mohamad Pauzi Zakaria, Che Abd. Rahim Mohamed, Nordin Haji Lajis, Kuhan Chandru, Pourya Shahpoury Bahry, Mohammadreza Mohammad Shafiee, Sofia Anita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Petroleum pollution is known as point and non-point source of contaminations in the environment. A major class of petroleum contaminant is groups of compounds consist of two or more fused benzene rings called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic. Source identification of petroleum pollution is necessary to prevent pollution entry into the environment. Eight sedimentary cores were obtained from developed and developing areas around Peninsular Malaysia to investigate the historical profile of PAHs, their characteristics and its possible origins. The results showed that the PAHs concentrations varied from very minimum to 2400 ng/g d. w. in average quarter century intervals. Most of the studied locations showed high contribution of PAHs from combusted fuel, coal, biomasses and wood materials except for the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia in which revealed dominance of petroleum products. The findings indicate that PAHs are delivered from different intermediate materials such as asphalt, street dust, vehicular emission and crankcase oil. However, there has been a decline of PAHs input into the marine environment in recent years; petroleum is shown to be a significant cause of marine pollution since the second quarter of 20th century. An overview on sourced materials of petroleum pollution indicates multi-approach necessity toward pollution control, regardless of concentration and possible degradation processes. Various sectors both governmental and non-governmental are needed for prevention and control of petroleum pollution where different sources apparently contribute to the pollution generation process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-142
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmentAsia
Volume3
Issue numberSPECIAL ISSUE
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Fingerprint

Petroleum Pollution
Malaysia
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Petroleum
Pollution
History
petroleum
PAH
pollution
history
asphalt
Marine pollution
Crankcases
Vehicle Emissions
Petroleum products
Coal
Pollution control
Poisons
marine pollution
Benzene

Keywords

  • Integrated management
  • Malaysia
  • PAHs
  • Petroleum pollution
  • Source identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Sakari, M., Zakaria, M. P., Mohamed, C. A. R., Lajis, N. H., Chandru, K., Bahry, P. S., ... Anita, S. (2010). The history of petroleum pollution in Malaysia; Urgent need for integrated prevention approach. EnvironmentAsia, 3(SPECIAL ISSUE), 131-142.

The history of petroleum pollution in Malaysia; Urgent need for integrated prevention approach. / Sakari, Mahyar; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi; Mohamed, Che Abd. Rahim; Lajis, Nordin Haji; Chandru, Kuhan; Bahry, Pourya Shahpoury; Shafiee, Mohammadreza Mohammad; Anita, Sofia.

In: EnvironmentAsia, Vol. 3, No. SPECIAL ISSUE, 01.2010, p. 131-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakari, M, Zakaria, MP, Mohamed, CAR, Lajis, NH, Chandru, K, Bahry, PS, Shafiee, MM & Anita, S 2010, 'The history of petroleum pollution in Malaysia; Urgent need for integrated prevention approach', EnvironmentAsia, vol. 3, no. SPECIAL ISSUE, pp. 131-142.
Sakari M, Zakaria MP, Mohamed CAR, Lajis NH, Chandru K, Bahry PS et al. The history of petroleum pollution in Malaysia; Urgent need for integrated prevention approach. EnvironmentAsia. 2010 Jan;3(SPECIAL ISSUE):131-142.
Sakari, Mahyar ; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi ; Mohamed, Che Abd. Rahim ; Lajis, Nordin Haji ; Chandru, Kuhan ; Bahry, Pourya Shahpoury ; Shafiee, Mohammadreza Mohammad ; Anita, Sofia. / The history of petroleum pollution in Malaysia; Urgent need for integrated prevention approach. In: EnvironmentAsia. 2010 ; Vol. 3, No. SPECIAL ISSUE. pp. 131-142.
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