The enhancement of properties of TPNR/clay nanocomposites using ultrasonic treatment

Mou'Ad A. Tarawneh, Sahrim Ahmad, Rozaidi Rasid, S. Y. Yahya, Se Yong Eh Noum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main goal of this article was to study the effect of ultrasonic treatment time on the mechanical properties of thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) nanocomposites. The intercalation of TPNR enhancement into layers of clay by increasing d-spacing was found using XRD. TEM micrograph showed a combination of intercalated-exfoliated structure of the TPNR composites with organic clay. The tensile properties of nanocomposites treated with ultrasonic increased as compared with untreated nanocomposites. The optimum ultrasonic treatment time was obtained at 1 h with the addition of a coupling agent (12% PP-g-MA). DMA has shown that the storage modulus E' and loss modulus E'' of TPNR nanocomposites had improved as compared with TPNR, the optimum results with ultrasonic effect achieved at 1 and 3 h. Ultrasonic treatment can promote the dispersion of the clay in TPNR and also improve the compatibility of organoclay filler and the TPNR matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-532
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

Rubber
Thermoplastics
Nanocomposites
Clay
Ultrasonics
Ultrasonic effects
Organoclay
Coupling agents
Dynamic mechanical analysis
Intercalation
clay
Tensile properties
Fillers
Elastic moduli
Transmission electron microscopy
Mechanical properties
Composite materials

Keywords

  • nanocomposites
  • polymer-matrix composites
  • surface treatments
  • thermoplastic natural rubber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

The enhancement of properties of TPNR/clay nanocomposites using ultrasonic treatment. / Tarawneh, Mou'Ad A.; Ahmad, Sahrim; Rasid, Rozaidi; Yahya, S. Y.; Noum, Se Yong Eh.

In: Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 30, No. 6, 03.2011, p. 524-532.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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