The effects of Pedagogical agent's visual realism on learner's cognitive and socio-emotive outcomes in virtual learning environment

Tze Wei Liew, Nor Azan Mat Zin, Noraidah Sahari @ Ashaari, Su Mae Tan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Pedagogical agents are animated avatars that stimulate cognitive and socio-emotive aspects of instructional activity in virtual learning environment. In the context of visual design, a pedagogical agent simulating human tutor can either be realistic (3D-rendered and naturalistic) or unrealistic (2D-rendered and stylized/cartoon). Though design factors such as agent stereotypes, aesthetics, roles and gender has been studied extensively, the issue of pedagogical agent's realism has not receive sufficient attention from the research community. This is unfortunate, as decision regarding agent's visual realism must be faced by instructional designers when implementing pedagogical agent in virtual learning environment. Hence, the objective of this study is to investigate the relationship among agent's visual realism, learners' cognition and learner's socio-emotive behaviours in a virtual learning environment. One hundred fortyfour university sophomores at an Asian university interacted with either a realistic agent (3D-rendered and naturalistic) or an unrealistic agent (2D-rendered and stylized/cartoon) in a virtual learning system that delivers a lesson on basic computer programming. Results showed that the unrealistic (cartoonish) agent imposed extraneous cognitive load and hindered learning transfer, particularly for male learners. Mediation analysis demonstrated that the effects of agent's design (realistic versus cartoonish) on learning transfer among males were fully mediated by learner's extraneous load. The hypothesis that a cartoonish agent will elicit higher socio-emotive responses from learners was not supported. On the contrary, the realistic agent induced a higher level of positive affect in learners than the unrealistic agent. Theoretical and design considerations regarding agents' visual realism are discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015
PublisherInternational Business Information Management Association, IBIMA
Pages1098-1105
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780986041952
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015 - Madrid, Spain
Duration: 11 Nov 201512 Nov 2015

Other

Other26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015
CountrySpain
CityMadrid
Period11/11/1512/11/15

Fingerprint

Virtual learning environment
Realism
Computer programming
Learning systems
Learning transfer
Stereotypes
Factors
Asia
Cognitive load
Mediation
Cognition
Avatar
Positive affect

Keywords

  • Pedagogical agent
  • Virtual learning environment
  • Visual realism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Business and International Management

Cite this

Liew, T. W., Mat Zin, N. A., Sahari @ Ashaari, N., & Tan, S. M. (2015). The effects of Pedagogical agent's visual realism on learner's cognitive and socio-emotive outcomes in virtual learning environment. In Proceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015 (pp. 1098-1105). International Business Information Management Association, IBIMA.

The effects of Pedagogical agent's visual realism on learner's cognitive and socio-emotive outcomes in virtual learning environment. / Liew, Tze Wei; Mat Zin, Nor Azan; Sahari @ Ashaari, Noraidah; Tan, Su Mae.

Proceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015. International Business Information Management Association, IBIMA, 2015. p. 1098-1105.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Liew, TW, Mat Zin, NA, Sahari @ Ashaari, N & Tan, SM 2015, The effects of Pedagogical agent's visual realism on learner's cognitive and socio-emotive outcomes in virtual learning environment. in Proceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015. International Business Information Management Association, IBIMA, pp. 1098-1105, 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015, Madrid, Spain, 11/11/15.
Liew TW, Mat Zin NA, Sahari @ Ashaari N, Tan SM. The effects of Pedagogical agent's visual realism on learner's cognitive and socio-emotive outcomes in virtual learning environment. In Proceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015. International Business Information Management Association, IBIMA. 2015. p. 1098-1105
Liew, Tze Wei ; Mat Zin, Nor Azan ; Sahari @ Ashaari, Noraidah ; Tan, Su Mae. / The effects of Pedagogical agent's visual realism on learner's cognitive and socio-emotive outcomes in virtual learning environment. Proceedings of the 26th International Business Information Management Association Conference - Innovation Management and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage: From Regional Development to Global Growth, IBIMA 2015. International Business Information Management Association, IBIMA, 2015. pp. 1098-1105
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