The effects of family functioning on self-esteem of children

Tam Cai Lian, Fatimah Yusooff

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of parental relationship on the self-esteem of school going children. Some 400 secondary school students from three different schools in Kuala Langat district of the state of Selangor, Malaysia were randomly selected. Questionnaire was designed to measure the level of parental relationship, family cohesion, self-esteem, social isolation and resiliency of the students. These comprise of 'Children's Report of Parental Behaviour Inventory', 'Family Functioning Scale', 'Self-esteem Rating Scale' and 'Resiliency Attitude Scale'. The research is based on two important theories: The Ecological theory and the Resiliency theory. The Ecological theory expounds the impacts of parental relationship on children's development. The Ecological theory demonstrates the important role of the environment on human development, while the Resiliency theory emphasizes on the victim of the parental conflict. A hypothesis on factors that influence parental relationships was formulated. Results showed that severity of conflict, social isolation and family cohesion have a great effect on the self-esteem of the students. This study supports the findings of both Ecological theory and the Resiliency theory. However, it shows that parental relationship is not the only contributory factor of self-esteem of the child; in fact there are other contributory factors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)643-650
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Journal of Social Sciences
    Volume9
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

    Fingerprint

    self-esteem
    group cohesion
    social isolation
    attitude scale
    student
    rating scale
    school
    Malaysia
    secondary school
    district
    questionnaire

    Keywords

    • Family cohesion
    • Family functioning
    • Parental relationships
    • Secondary school
    • Self-esteem

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    The effects of family functioning on self-esteem of children. / Lian, Tam Cai; Yusooff, Fatimah.

    In: European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 4, 10.2009, p. 643-650.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Lian, Tam Cai ; Yusooff, Fatimah. / The effects of family functioning on self-esteem of children. In: European Journal of Social Sciences. 2009 ; Vol. 9, No. 4. pp. 643-650.
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