The effects of design parameters on productivity performance of a solar still for seawater desalination

A review

Mohammed Shadi S Abujazar, Fatihah Suja`, A. R. Rakmi, Shahrom Md Zain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the different parameters that affect solar still productivity when the solar still productivity is very low compared with other desalination systems, such as other thermal processes or membrane processes. These parameters include environmental, design and operational parameters. The results show that productivity was highly affected by environmental parameters due to the unpredictability of metrological factors. When design and operational parameters were varied, increases in productivity were observed. The results indicated that the solar still was inversely affected by evaporation area, water depth, a minimization in the angle of the solar still cover during summer seasons and maximization during winter seasons. Stepped solar still techniques enhanced the productivity, and the addition of wicks in a stepped solar still was proposed. Insulating the sun tracking system positively affected the productivity because the insulation increased the heating capability and evaporative effects inside the still basin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-193
Number of pages16
JournalDesalination
Volume385
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2016

Fingerprint

Desalination
Seawater
desalination
Productivity
seawater
productivity
insulation
Sun
effect
parameter
Insulation
water depth
Evaporation
evaporation
membrane
heating
Membranes
Heating
Water
winter

Keywords

  • Climatic parameters
  • Desalination
  • Design parameters
  • Operation parameters
  • Solar still
  • Stepped solar still

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

The effects of design parameters on productivity performance of a solar still for seawater desalination : A review. / Abujazar, Mohammed Shadi S; Suja`, Fatihah; Rakmi, A. R.; Md Zain, Shahrom.

In: Desalination, Vol. 385, 02.05.2016, p. 178-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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