The effects of age, physical activity level, and body anthropometry on calcaneal speed of sound value in men

Chin Kok Yong, Ima Nirwana Soelaiman, Isa Naina Mohamed, Suraya Ibrahim, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influences of age, physical activity, and body anthropometry on calcaneal speed of sound are different among young adults, middle-aged, and elderly men. Introduction: Quantitative ultrasound assessment of bone health status is much needed for developing countries in the screening of osteoporosis, but further studies on the factors that influence the quantitative ultrasound indices are required. Objectives: The present study examined the influence of age, lifestyle factors, and body anthropometry on calcaneal speed of sound (SOS) in a group of Malaysian men of diverse age range. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, and data from 687 eligible males were used for analysis. They answered a detailed questionnaire on their physical activity status, and their anthropometric measurements were taken. Their calcaneal SOS values were evaluated using the CM-200 sonometer (Furuno, Nishinomiya City, Japan). Results: Subjects with higher body mass index (BMI) had higher calcaneal SOS values albeit significant difference was only found in the elderly subjects (p < 0.05). Sedentary subjects had lower calcaneal SOS values than physically active subjects, but significant difference was only found in the middle-aged subjects (p < 0.05). Calcaneal SOS was significantly (p < 0.05) correlated with age in young men; height, BMI, and physical activity score in middle-aged men; height and physical activity score in elderly men; and age and physical activity score for overall subjects. In a multivariate regression model, significant (p < 0.05) predictors for calcaneal SOS included age for young men; physical activity, BMI, body fat percentage, and height for middle-aged men; height for elderly men; and age, height, physical activity, weight, and body fat percentage for overall subjects. Conclusion: Age, body anthropometry, and physical activity level have significant effects on the calcaneal SOS value in men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-145
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Osteoporosis
Volume7
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

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Anthropometry
Exercise
Body Mass Index
Adipose Tissue
Body Height
Age Factors
Developing Countries
Health Status
Osteoporosis
Life Style
Young Adult
Japan
Cross-Sectional Studies
Weights and Measures
Bone and Bones

Keywords

  • Age
  • Body anthropometry
  • Calcaneal speed of sound
  • Men
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

The effects of age, physical activity level, and body anthropometry on calcaneal speed of sound value in men. / Kok Yong, Chin; Soelaiman, Ima Nirwana; Naina Mohamed, Isa; Ibrahim, Suraya; Wan Ngah, Wan Zurinah.

In: Archives of Osteoporosis, Vol. 7, No. 1-2, 12.2012, p. 135-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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