The effects of African Catfish, clarias gariepinus pond farm’s effluent on water quality of Kesang river in Malacca, Malaysia

F. D. Ariffin, Azhar Abdul Halim, Marlia Mohd Hanafiah, Normah Awang, M. S. Othman, Azman Sulaiman, N. S.M. Bakri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aquaculture industry is increasing worldwide. However, many negative impacts have been associated with aquaculture effluent especially in the form of water pollution to the receiving water body. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of aquaculture effluents mainly from Clarias gariepinus (African Catfish) pond farm on the water quality of Kesang River in Malacca. Three sampling stations were selected at the fish farm. The parameters involved in the monitoring are dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solid (TSS), ammonia-nitrogen (NH 3 -N), nitrite, nitrate, total nitrogen and phosphate. The water quality index was calculated to monitor the quality of the river. Results showed that there were slight effects of aquaculture effluent to the river. It is suggested that the effects of aquaculture effluents are studied according to seasons and the variables are monitored continuously to determine the actual effects of the effluents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1531-1545
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Ecology and Environmental Research
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

aquaculture effluent
farm ponds
Clarias gariepinus
catfish
Malaysia
effluents
water quality
pond
farm
effluent
aquaculture
rivers
river
aquaculture industry
nitrogen
biochemical oxygen demand
nitrite nitrogen
total dissolved solids
water pollution
total suspended solids

Keywords

  • Aquaculture
  • Physicochemical parameters
  • Sharptooth catfish
  • Surface water
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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abstract = "The aquaculture industry is increasing worldwide. However, many negative impacts have been associated with aquaculture effluent especially in the form of water pollution to the receiving water body. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of aquaculture effluents mainly from Clarias gariepinus (African Catfish) pond farm on the water quality of Kesang River in Malacca. Three sampling stations were selected at the fish farm. The parameters involved in the monitoring are dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solid (TSS), ammonia-nitrogen (NH 3 -N), nitrite, nitrate, total nitrogen and phosphate. The water quality index was calculated to monitor the quality of the river. Results showed that there were slight effects of aquaculture effluent to the river. It is suggested that the effects of aquaculture effluents are studied according to seasons and the variables are monitored continuously to determine the actual effects of the effluents.",
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AU - Mohd Hanafiah, Marlia

AU - Awang, Normah

AU - Othman, M. S.

AU - Sulaiman, Azman

AU - Bakri, N. S.M.

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N2 - The aquaculture industry is increasing worldwide. However, many negative impacts have been associated with aquaculture effluent especially in the form of water pollution to the receiving water body. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of aquaculture effluents mainly from Clarias gariepinus (African Catfish) pond farm on the water quality of Kesang River in Malacca. Three sampling stations were selected at the fish farm. The parameters involved in the monitoring are dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solid (TSS), ammonia-nitrogen (NH 3 -N), nitrite, nitrate, total nitrogen and phosphate. The water quality index was calculated to monitor the quality of the river. Results showed that there were slight effects of aquaculture effluent to the river. It is suggested that the effects of aquaculture effluents are studied according to seasons and the variables are monitored continuously to determine the actual effects of the effluents.

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