The effectiveness of a navigation system for ambulance service in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Ahmad Khaldun Ismail, Yap Yah Yun, Gita Mahardhika, Ainun Abdul Ghani, Nurul Saadah Ahmad, Abdul Karim Mustafa, Shamsuriani Md Jamal, Rosdiadee Nordin, Nasharuddin Zainal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The response and transport intervals of an ambulance dispatch are affected by various factors. The present ambulance system relies on the driver's experience, knowledge of local road map and estimations of directions. These may contribute to delays, misdirection and inefficient utilization of resources. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of GPS navigation device on the response and transport time intervals of an ambulance service operating in urban setting. This was a three-month experimental study involving simulated ambulance dispatch based in a hospital. A total of 50 simulated cycles were constructed. Travel time, arrival time and distance were documented from each cycle. The median actual response time using map and GPS navigation device was 11.82 min and 10.47 min respectively. The median actual transport time using map and GPS navigation device was 11.00 min and 10.74 min respectively. The differences in response time and transport time between map and GPS navigation were not statistically significant (p = 0.215 and p=0.710). The application of GPS reduced the error value between estimated and actual response time by 8.73%. It also reduced the mean error value between estimated and actual transport time by 1.42%. The result shows that the GPS navigation device allowed for more accurate travel time estimation and its application in an urban setting such as Kuala Lumpur has the potential to reduce ambulance response time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-173
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume2018
Issue numberSpecialissue1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2018

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Ambulances
Malaysia
Reaction Time
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Emergency
  • GPS navigation
  • Prehospital care
  • Response time
  • Transport time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Ismail, A. K., Yun, Y. Y., Mahardhika, G., Ghani, A. A., Ahmad, N. S., Mustafa, A. K., ... Zainal, N. (2018). The effectiveness of a navigation system for ambulance service in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 2018(Specialissue1), 166-173.

The effectiveness of a navigation system for ambulance service in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. / Ismail, Ahmad Khaldun; Yun, Yap Yah; Mahardhika, Gita; Ghani, Ainun Abdul; Ahmad, Nurul Saadah; Mustafa, Abdul Karim; Md Jamal, Shamsuriani; Nordin, Rosdiadee; Zainal, Nasharuddin.

In: Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Vol. 2018, No. Specialissue1, 31.03.2018, p. 166-173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ismail AK, Yun YY, Mahardhika G, Ghani AA, Ahmad NS, Mustafa AK et al. The effectiveness of a navigation system for ambulance service in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine. 2018 Mar 31;2018(Specialissue1):166-173.
Ismail, Ahmad Khaldun ; Yun, Yap Yah ; Mahardhika, Gita ; Ghani, Ainun Abdul ; Ahmad, Nurul Saadah ; Mustafa, Abdul Karim ; Md Jamal, Shamsuriani ; Nordin, Rosdiadee ; Zainal, Nasharuddin. / The effectiveness of a navigation system for ambulance service in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In: Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 2018, No. Specialissue1. pp. 166-173.
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