### Abstract

To date, there have been eight types of simple reaction hydraulic turbines. One of these is the Z-Blade turbine, which is capable of being used for pico-hydro applications. This paper also explores the effect of k-factor on the performance of a Z-Blade turbine for ideal and practical cases. The viscous losses factor represents the power loss associated with the fluid flow through the turbine, which definitely occurs during real operating conditions. By using the governing equation, which has been derived from the conservation of energy principle, the k-factor is simulated and investigated. Furthermore, this paper also proves that, with a one percent difference in the magnitude of rotational speed and mass flow rate, a large variation in k-factor is presented.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 44489-44492 |

Number of pages | 4 |

Journal | International Journal of Applied Engineering Research |

Volume | 10 |

Issue number | 24 |

Publication status | Published - 1 Dec 2015 |

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### Keywords

- K-factor
- Pico-hydro
- Simple reaction turbine
- Viscous losses

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Engineering(all)

### Cite this

*International Journal of Applied Engineering Research*,

*10*(24), 44489-44492.

**The effect of viscous losses factor on a simple pico-hydro reaction type Turbine.** / Farriz, M. B.; Hashim, M. N.; Rais, N. A.; Zulkefle, A. A.; Khiar, M. S A; Mat, Sohif; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*International Journal of Applied Engineering Research*, vol. 10, no. 24, pp. 44489-44492.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of viscous losses factor on a simple pico-hydro reaction type Turbine

AU - Farriz, M. B.

AU - Hashim, M. N.

AU - Rais, N. A.

AU - Zulkefle, A. A.

AU - Khiar, M. S A

AU - Mat, Sohif

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - To date, there have been eight types of simple reaction hydraulic turbines. One of these is the Z-Blade turbine, which is capable of being used for pico-hydro applications. This paper also explores the effect of k-factor on the performance of a Z-Blade turbine for ideal and practical cases. The viscous losses factor represents the power loss associated with the fluid flow through the turbine, which definitely occurs during real operating conditions. By using the governing equation, which has been derived from the conservation of energy principle, the k-factor is simulated and investigated. Furthermore, this paper also proves that, with a one percent difference in the magnitude of rotational speed and mass flow rate, a large variation in k-factor is presented.

AB - To date, there have been eight types of simple reaction hydraulic turbines. One of these is the Z-Blade turbine, which is capable of being used for pico-hydro applications. This paper also explores the effect of k-factor on the performance of a Z-Blade turbine for ideal and practical cases. The viscous losses factor represents the power loss associated with the fluid flow through the turbine, which definitely occurs during real operating conditions. By using the governing equation, which has been derived from the conservation of energy principle, the k-factor is simulated and investigated. Furthermore, this paper also proves that, with a one percent difference in the magnitude of rotational speed and mass flow rate, a large variation in k-factor is presented.

KW - K-factor

KW - Pico-hydro

KW - Simple reaction turbine

KW - Viscous losses

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955617548&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84955617548&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84955617548

VL - 10

SP - 44489

EP - 44492

JO - International Journal of Applied Engineering Research

JF - International Journal of Applied Engineering Research

SN - 0973-4562

IS - 24

ER -