The effect of topical extract of Momordica charantia (bitter gourd) on wound healing in nondiabetic rats and in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin

Seong Lin Teoh, A. A. Latiff, Srijit Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Momordica charantia (MC; bitter gourd) is a traditional herb commonly used for its antidiabetic, antioxidant, contraceptive and antibacterial properties. It is also used for the rapid healing of wounds. Aim. To observe the topical effect of MC extract on the wound-healing process in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin. Methods. In total, 72 Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the study. The animals were subdivided into two groups: a nondiabetic group (n = 36) and a group with diabetes induced by streptozotocin (n = 36). Both groups were subdivided further into a nontreated control group (n = 18), and a topically treated group with MC extract administered daily (n = 18). The wound was inflicted with a 6-mm punch-biopsy needle on the dorsal aspect of the thoracolumbar region. The animals were killed on the days 1, 5 and 10 after wound creation. The rate of wound closure and the total protein content was estimated. Histological study of the wound tissue at days 5 and 10 was also performed. Results. The diabetic group exhibited delayed wound healing as compared to the normal group. Interestingly, the diabetic group treated with topical MC extract showed better results than the nontreated group. Conclusion. Results show that administration of MC extract improves and accelerates the process of wound healing in diabetic animals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-822
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Dermatology
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

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Momordica charantia
Experimental Diabetes Mellitus
Wound Healing
Wounds and Injuries
Needle Biopsy
Contraceptive Agents
Hypoglycemic Agents
Sprague Dawley Rats
Antioxidants
Control Groups
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

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title = "The effect of topical extract of Momordica charantia (bitter gourd) on wound healing in nondiabetic rats and in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin",
abstract = "Background. Momordica charantia (MC; bitter gourd) is a traditional herb commonly used for its antidiabetic, antioxidant, contraceptive and antibacterial properties. It is also used for the rapid healing of wounds. Aim. To observe the topical effect of MC extract on the wound-healing process in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin. Methods. In total, 72 Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the study. The animals were subdivided into two groups: a nondiabetic group (n = 36) and a group with diabetes induced by streptozotocin (n = 36). Both groups were subdivided further into a nontreated control group (n = 18), and a topically treated group with MC extract administered daily (n = 18). The wound was inflicted with a 6-mm punch-biopsy needle on the dorsal aspect of the thoracolumbar region. The animals were killed on the days 1, 5 and 10 after wound creation. The rate of wound closure and the total protein content was estimated. Histological study of the wound tissue at days 5 and 10 was also performed. Results. The diabetic group exhibited delayed wound healing as compared to the normal group. Interestingly, the diabetic group treated with topical MC extract showed better results than the nontreated group. Conclusion. Results show that administration of MC extract improves and accelerates the process of wound healing in diabetic animals.",
author = "Teoh, {Seong Lin} and Latiff, {A. A.} and Srijit Das",
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T1 - The effect of topical extract of Momordica charantia (bitter gourd) on wound healing in nondiabetic rats and in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin

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AU - Latiff, A. A.

AU - Das, Srijit

PY - 2009/10

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N2 - Background. Momordica charantia (MC; bitter gourd) is a traditional herb commonly used for its antidiabetic, antioxidant, contraceptive and antibacterial properties. It is also used for the rapid healing of wounds. Aim. To observe the topical effect of MC extract on the wound-healing process in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin. Methods. In total, 72 Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the study. The animals were subdivided into two groups: a nondiabetic group (n = 36) and a group with diabetes induced by streptozotocin (n = 36). Both groups were subdivided further into a nontreated control group (n = 18), and a topically treated group with MC extract administered daily (n = 18). The wound was inflicted with a 6-mm punch-biopsy needle on the dorsal aspect of the thoracolumbar region. The animals were killed on the days 1, 5 and 10 after wound creation. The rate of wound closure and the total protein content was estimated. Histological study of the wound tissue at days 5 and 10 was also performed. Results. The diabetic group exhibited delayed wound healing as compared to the normal group. Interestingly, the diabetic group treated with topical MC extract showed better results than the nontreated group. Conclusion. Results show that administration of MC extract improves and accelerates the process of wound healing in diabetic animals.

AB - Background. Momordica charantia (MC; bitter gourd) is a traditional herb commonly used for its antidiabetic, antioxidant, contraceptive and antibacterial properties. It is also used for the rapid healing of wounds. Aim. To observe the topical effect of MC extract on the wound-healing process in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin. Methods. In total, 72 Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the study. The animals were subdivided into two groups: a nondiabetic group (n = 36) and a group with diabetes induced by streptozotocin (n = 36). Both groups were subdivided further into a nontreated control group (n = 18), and a topically treated group with MC extract administered daily (n = 18). The wound was inflicted with a 6-mm punch-biopsy needle on the dorsal aspect of the thoracolumbar region. The animals were killed on the days 1, 5 and 10 after wound creation. The rate of wound closure and the total protein content was estimated. Histological study of the wound tissue at days 5 and 10 was also performed. Results. The diabetic group exhibited delayed wound healing as compared to the normal group. Interestingly, the diabetic group treated with topical MC extract showed better results than the nontreated group. Conclusion. Results show that administration of MC extract improves and accelerates the process of wound healing in diabetic animals.

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