The effect of Piper aduncum Linn. (Family: Piperaceae) essential oil as aerosol spray against Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus Skuse

Norashiqin Misni, Hidayatul Fathi Othman, Sallehudin Sulaiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The bioefficacy of Piper aduncum L. essential oil formulated in aerosol cans was evaluated against Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in a simulated room. The aerosol spray test was based on the Malaysian test standard for aerosol (MS 1221:1991UDC 632.982.2 modified from WHO 2009 methodology) and examined the knockdown effect within 20 minutes of exposure. Mortality rate after 24 hour of holding period was also determined. A commercial aerosol spray (0.09% prallethrin 0.05% d-phenothrin) was also tested as a comparison. Our results showed that the knockdown effect of the commercial aerosol spray and P. aduncum essential oil spray (8% and 10% concentrations) was significantly higher in Ae. albopictus adult females, when compared with that of Ae. aegypti adult females (P<0.05). There was a significant difference in knockdown between commercial aerosol spray and essential oil spray for both Aedes spp. (P<0.05). The essential oil induced significantly higher mortality in Ae. aegypti (80%) than in Ae. albopictus (71.6%) (P<0.05). The commercial aerosol spray caused 97.7% and 86.5% mortality against Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus respectively (P<0.05). Based on these data, P. aduncum essential oil has the potential to be used as an aerosol spray against Aedes spp.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-258
Number of pages10
JournalTropical Biomedicine
Volume28
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Piperaceae
Piper
Aedes
Volatile Oils
Aerosols
phenothrin
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitology

Cite this

The effect of Piper aduncum Linn. (Family : Piperaceae) essential oil as aerosol spray against Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus Skuse. / Misni, Norashiqin; Othman, Hidayatul Fathi; Sulaiman, Sallehudin.

In: Tropical Biomedicine, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2011, p. 249-258.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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