The effect of nitric acid, ethylenediamine, and diethanolamine modified polyaniline nanoparticles anode electrode in a microbial fuel cell

Mostafa Ghasemi, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Nader Mokhtarian, Alireza Mayahi, Manal Ismail, Fatemeh Anisi, Mehdi Sedighi, Javed Alam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anode materials are important in the power generation of microbial fuel cell. In this study, polyaniline was used as a conducting polymer anode in two chambers MFC. XPS and SEM were used for the characterization of functional groups of anode materials and the morphology. The power generation of microbial fuel cell was elevated by the modification of anode by nitric acid, ethylenediamine, and diethanolamine. The time that MFC reaches its maximum power generation was shortened by modification. Moreover the SEM photos prove that, it causes better attachment of microorganisms as biocatalysts on electrode surface. The best performance of among the MFCs with different anode electrodes, was the system working by polyaniline modified by ethylenediamine as that generated power of 136.2 mW/m2 with a 21.3% Coulombic efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9525-9532
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume38
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2013

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
nitric acid
ethylenediamine
Nitric acid
Polyaniline
fuel cells
Anodes
anodes
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Electrodes
electrodes
Power generation
Scanning electron microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
Biocatalysts
Conducting polymers
conducting polymers
microorganisms
Microorganisms

Keywords

  • Anode
  • Microbial fuel cell
  • Modification
  • Polyaniline
  • Power generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

The effect of nitric acid, ethylenediamine, and diethanolamine modified polyaniline nanoparticles anode electrode in a microbial fuel cell. / Ghasemi, Mostafa; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Mokhtarian, Nader; Mayahi, Alireza; Ismail, Manal; Anisi, Fatemeh; Sedighi, Mehdi; Alam, Javed.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 38, No. 22, 26.07.2013, p. 9525-9532.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ghasemi, Mostafa ; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli ; Mokhtarian, Nader ; Mayahi, Alireza ; Ismail, Manal ; Anisi, Fatemeh ; Sedighi, Mehdi ; Alam, Javed. / The effect of nitric acid, ethylenediamine, and diethanolamine modified polyaniline nanoparticles anode electrode in a microbial fuel cell. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2013 ; Vol. 38, No. 22. pp. 9525-9532.
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AU - Sedighi, Mehdi

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