The Effect of Chenodeoxycholic Acid (CDCA) in Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) Pericarps Sensitizer for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC)

Mashasriyah Ismail, Norasikin Ahmad Ludin, Norul Hisham Hamid, Mohd. Adib Ibrahim, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) is a third generation of solar cell, which has been pursued by numerous researcher to increase its efficiency, stability, and compatibility with our surrounding. One of advancement is a usage of a natural product or organic material to replace an artificial sensitizer such as ruthenium sensitizer, which is expensive, difficult to synthesize and has its own noxiousness. A natural product such as mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) pericarps is easily obtained from eaten mangosteen fruits. Mangosteen fruits are mainly grown in Southeast Asia such as Malaysia and certain tropical areas around the globe. Mangosteen pericarps gave a promising performance in natural dye research however unable to compete with artificial due to low anchor groups such as carboxyl and hydroxyl. In this study, chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) was used to help increase the device performance. The concentration of CDCA in the sensitizer used in this study are 0.10 mM, 0.50 mM, 0.75 mM, 1.00 mM, 1.50 mM and 2.00 mM. There are several characteristics are studied such as UV-VIS spectrometer, cyclic voltammetry (CV), Ffourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and current-voltage measurement (I-V). Mangosteen pericarps sensitizer itself applied on DSSC have efficiency of 0.36% with short-circuit current density (Jsc) = 1.00 mA/cm2, open circuit voltage (Voc) = 0.64 V and fill factor (FF) = 56.75%. The highest performance of DSSC with mangosteen sensitizer and CDCA are at 0.56% with short-circuit current density (Jsc) = 1.40 mA/cm2, open circuit voltage (Voc) = 0.65 V and fill factor (FF) = 62.03%. The increment of device performance shows that CDCA helps to increase mangosteen sensitizer performances by adding additional -O-H into the sensitizer which increases the ability to anchor onto the TiO2 surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012018
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1083
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2018
Event6th International Conference of Solid State Science and Technology and Workshop on Advanced Materials Technology: Growth and Characterization, ICSSST AMTGC 2017 - Penang, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Nov 201716 Nov 2017

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solar cells
dyes
acids
fruits
short circuit currents
open circuit voltage
Southeast Asia
current density
Malaysia
globes
products
organic materials
compatibility
electrical measurement
ruthenium
infrared spectroscopy
spectrometers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

@article{cb1ab911335e41cab6fa3d8286fc34cd,
title = "The Effect of Chenodeoxycholic Acid (CDCA) in Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) Pericarps Sensitizer for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC)",
abstract = "Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) is a third generation of solar cell, which has been pursued by numerous researcher to increase its efficiency, stability, and compatibility with our surrounding. One of advancement is a usage of a natural product or organic material to replace an artificial sensitizer such as ruthenium sensitizer, which is expensive, difficult to synthesize and has its own noxiousness. A natural product such as mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) pericarps is easily obtained from eaten mangosteen fruits. Mangosteen fruits are mainly grown in Southeast Asia such as Malaysia and certain tropical areas around the globe. Mangosteen pericarps gave a promising performance in natural dye research however unable to compete with artificial due to low anchor groups such as carboxyl and hydroxyl. In this study, chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) was used to help increase the device performance. The concentration of CDCA in the sensitizer used in this study are 0.10 mM, 0.50 mM, 0.75 mM, 1.00 mM, 1.50 mM and 2.00 mM. There are several characteristics are studied such as UV-VIS spectrometer, cyclic voltammetry (CV), Ffourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and current-voltage measurement (I-V). Mangosteen pericarps sensitizer itself applied on DSSC have efficiency of 0.36{\%} with short-circuit current density (Jsc) = 1.00 mA/cm2, open circuit voltage (Voc) = 0.64 V and fill factor (FF) = 56.75{\%}. The highest performance of DSSC with mangosteen sensitizer and CDCA are at 0.56{\%} with short-circuit current density (Jsc) = 1.40 mA/cm2, open circuit voltage (Voc) = 0.65 V and fill factor (FF) = 62.03{\%}. The increment of device performance shows that CDCA helps to increase mangosteen sensitizer performances by adding additional -O-H into the sensitizer which increases the ability to anchor onto the TiO2 surface.",
author = "Mashasriyah Ismail and {Ahmad Ludin}, Norasikin and {Hisham Hamid}, Norul and Ibrahim, {Mohd. Adib} and Kamaruzzaman Sopian",
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AU - Ahmad Ludin, Norasikin

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AU - Ibrahim, Mohd. Adib

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

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