The development of mypobes-PAF: A health education program with child-friendly approach to prevent obesity among children

Maziah Ahmad Marzuki, Saemah Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Unhealthy lifestyle, lack of awareness on health behaviors, and lack of documentation on health aspect in the education of 3-6 year-old children are some of the concerning issues that contributed to the increase of childhood obesity cases. Hence a study with developmental research design was conducted to develop a health education program for 3-6 year-old children in preventing childhood obesity. MyPObes-PaF was developed based on the data obtained from i)focus group discussion conducted with 38 children between 4-6 year-old, ii)interview sessions with four experts in physical activities, dieticians, and experts in educational psychology, iii)interview sessions with eight school teachers, and iv)document analyses. The findings of the study indicated that the MyPObes-PaF program with the application of child-friendly approach is a health education program with high content validity, with S-CVI for physical activity module =0.89, S-CVI for diet module =0.90, and I-CVI for the application of child-friendly concept =0.88; ACP=90%. In conclusion, MyPObes-PaF is a health education program that can be implemented to children of 3-6 year-old. This study suggested that kindergartens and pre-school in Malaysia to establish health education programs with the implementation of child-friendly approach as an effort to prevent childhood obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1661-1671
Number of pages11
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Fingerprint

Pediatric Obesity
Health Education
Educational Psychology
Interviews
Exercise
Nutritionists
Malaysia
Health Behavior
Focus Groups
Documentation
Life Style
Research Design
Diet
Education
Health

Keywords

  • Childhood obesity
  • Diet
  • Health education program
  • Physical activity
  • Prevent childhood obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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abstract = "Unhealthy lifestyle, lack of awareness on health behaviors, and lack of documentation on health aspect in the education of 3-6 year-old children are some of the concerning issues that contributed to the increase of childhood obesity cases. Hence a study with developmental research design was conducted to develop a health education program for 3-6 year-old children in preventing childhood obesity. MyPObes-PaF was developed based on the data obtained from i)focus group discussion conducted with 38 children between 4-6 year-old, ii)interview sessions with four experts in physical activities, dieticians, and experts in educational psychology, iii)interview sessions with eight school teachers, and iv)document analyses. The findings of the study indicated that the MyPObes-PaF program with the application of child-friendly approach is a health education program with high content validity, with S-CVI for physical activity module =0.89, S-CVI for diet module =0.90, and I-CVI for the application of child-friendly concept =0.88; ACP=90{\%}. In conclusion, MyPObes-PaF is a health education program that can be implemented to children of 3-6 year-old. This study suggested that kindergartens and pre-school in Malaysia to establish health education programs with the implementation of child-friendly approach as an effort to prevent childhood obesity.",
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