The development of automated spatial and temporal measurement system for lab-scale local scour

Mojtaba Porhemmat, Wan Hanna Melini Wan Mohtar, Ahmed El-Shafie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The spatial and temporal measurements of local scour around bridge piers provide the quantification of local scouring process. Most studies on a laboratory scale faced difficulties in obtaining a holistic local spatial variability around bridge pier, especially for continuous small time interval. Long experimental period, which could take up to few days, does not permit a consistent time interval spatial scour measurement due in particular to the physical constraints that exist under laboratory conditions. This study proposed an automated, cost-effective system which is capable of detecting changes in both spatial and temporal local scour. The system allows measurement to be made by using data recorder at an adjustable distance (± 0.1 mm) and angle (± 0.1°) from the original position, which is programmed and controlled with an Arduino, which is an open source microcontroller with multiple capability of controlling electrical components such as motors and sensors. When the data recorder is in position, data is automatically captured and sequentially saved at a particular spatial interval. In this study, a web camera was used as a data recorder to capture images in the azimuthal plane for a one-hour interval. Images were captured for 30 seconds per measurement per position. The system was set up to monitor and measure the temporal and spatial local scour continuously in an 80-hour experiment.Results show that the location of maximum scour depth varied for different time intervals, and migrated from downstream to upstream of the pier. The rate of scour decreased as duration of experiment was increased. The system was able to provide a holistic view of both spatial and temporal variability in the development of local scour on a laboratory scale.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationScour and Erosion - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, ICSE 2016
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages869-874
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781138029798
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, ICSE 2016 - Oxford, United Kingdom
Duration: 12 Sep 201615 Sep 2016

Other

Other8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, ICSE 2016
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityOxford
Period12/9/1615/9/16

Fingerprint

Scour
scour
pier
Bridge piers
Piers
Microcontrollers
experiment
Experiments
Cameras
sensor
Sensors
cost
laboratory
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Porhemmat, M., Wan Mohtar, W. H. M., & El-Shafie, A. (2016). The development of automated spatial and temporal measurement system for lab-scale local scour. In Scour and Erosion - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, ICSE 2016 (pp. 869-874). CRC Press/Balkema.

The development of automated spatial and temporal measurement system for lab-scale local scour. / Porhemmat, Mojtaba; Wan Mohtar, Wan Hanna Melini; El-Shafie, Ahmed.

Scour and Erosion - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, ICSE 2016. CRC Press/Balkema, 2016. p. 869-874.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Porhemmat, M, Wan Mohtar, WHM & El-Shafie, A 2016, The development of automated spatial and temporal measurement system for lab-scale local scour. in Scour and Erosion - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, ICSE 2016. CRC Press/Balkema, pp. 869-874, 8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, ICSE 2016, Oxford, United Kingdom, 12/9/16.
Porhemmat M, Wan Mohtar WHM, El-Shafie A. The development of automated spatial and temporal measurement system for lab-scale local scour. In Scour and Erosion - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, ICSE 2016. CRC Press/Balkema. 2016. p. 869-874
Porhemmat, Mojtaba ; Wan Mohtar, Wan Hanna Melini ; El-Shafie, Ahmed. / The development of automated spatial and temporal measurement system for lab-scale local scour. Scour and Erosion - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, ICSE 2016. CRC Press/Balkema, 2016. pp. 869-874
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