The detection of pesticides in water using ZnCdSe quantum dot films

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Abstract

This paper reports an attempt to develop a sensor system for detecting pesticides based on the effect of an analyte on the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of ZnCdSe quantum dot (QD) films. The ZnCdSe QDs were synthesized using a wet-chemical process. The sensor system comprises an excitation light source made of a laser diode, a dual arm fibre optic probe, a spectrometer and a sensor chamber. The QD films were deposited by dropping QD solution onto the probe surface and drying them at ambient temperature. The pesticides used in this study were Dipel, Siven 85% WP and Water-Dispersible Granules WG insecticides. The detection of pesticides was done by comparing the photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the films dipped in the deionized water and in pesticide solutions by varying the concentration of the pesticide solutions from 2.5 to 2500μg l-1. It was observed that the PL intensity of the films was quenched by the presence of the pesticide molecules. The quenching degree increased with the concentration of the pesticide solutions. There is a linear relationship between the pesticide solution concentrations and the QD film sensor sensitivities. The sensitivity of the sensor system depended on the type of pesticides successively from the highest to lowest sensitivity in the order Siven 85% WP, Dipel and Water-Dispersible Granules WG. The QD films could be used as fluorescence sensors to detect water that is contaminated by pesticides.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025011
JournalAdvances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

Fingerprint

Pesticides
Semiconductor quantum dots
Water
Sensors
Photoluminescence
Insecticides
Deionized water
Fiber optics
Light sources
Semiconductor lasers
Spectrometers
Quenching
Drying
Fluorescence
Molecules

Keywords

  • Optical sensor
  • Pesticide sensor
  • Photoluminescence
  • Synthesis of quantum dots
  • Zinc cadmium selenide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "The detection of pesticides in water using ZnCdSe quantum dot films",
abstract = "This paper reports an attempt to develop a sensor system for detecting pesticides based on the effect of an analyte on the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of ZnCdSe quantum dot (QD) films. The ZnCdSe QDs were synthesized using a wet-chemical process. The sensor system comprises an excitation light source made of a laser diode, a dual arm fibre optic probe, a spectrometer and a sensor chamber. The QD films were deposited by dropping QD solution onto the probe surface and drying them at ambient temperature. The pesticides used in this study were Dipel, Siven 85{\%} WP and Water-Dispersible Granules WG insecticides. The detection of pesticides was done by comparing the photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the films dipped in the deionized water and in pesticide solutions by varying the concentration of the pesticide solutions from 2.5 to 2500μg l-1. It was observed that the PL intensity of the films was quenched by the presence of the pesticide molecules. The quenching degree increased with the concentration of the pesticide solutions. There is a linear relationship between the pesticide solution concentrations and the QD film sensor sensitivities. The sensitivity of the sensor system depended on the type of pesticides successively from the highest to lowest sensitivity in the order Siven 85{\%} WP, Dipel and Water-Dispersible Granules WG. The QD films could be used as fluorescence sensors to detect water that is contaminated by pesticides.",
keywords = "Optical sensor, Pesticide sensor, Photoluminescence, Synthesis of quantum dots, Zinc cadmium selenide",
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AU - Akrajas, Ali Umar

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N2 - This paper reports an attempt to develop a sensor system for detecting pesticides based on the effect of an analyte on the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of ZnCdSe quantum dot (QD) films. The ZnCdSe QDs were synthesized using a wet-chemical process. The sensor system comprises an excitation light source made of a laser diode, a dual arm fibre optic probe, a spectrometer and a sensor chamber. The QD films were deposited by dropping QD solution onto the probe surface and drying them at ambient temperature. The pesticides used in this study were Dipel, Siven 85% WP and Water-Dispersible Granules WG insecticides. The detection of pesticides was done by comparing the photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the films dipped in the deionized water and in pesticide solutions by varying the concentration of the pesticide solutions from 2.5 to 2500μg l-1. It was observed that the PL intensity of the films was quenched by the presence of the pesticide molecules. The quenching degree increased with the concentration of the pesticide solutions. There is a linear relationship between the pesticide solution concentrations and the QD film sensor sensitivities. The sensitivity of the sensor system depended on the type of pesticides successively from the highest to lowest sensitivity in the order Siven 85% WP, Dipel and Water-Dispersible Granules WG. The QD films could be used as fluorescence sensors to detect water that is contaminated by pesticides.

AB - This paper reports an attempt to develop a sensor system for detecting pesticides based on the effect of an analyte on the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of ZnCdSe quantum dot (QD) films. The ZnCdSe QDs were synthesized using a wet-chemical process. The sensor system comprises an excitation light source made of a laser diode, a dual arm fibre optic probe, a spectrometer and a sensor chamber. The QD films were deposited by dropping QD solution onto the probe surface and drying them at ambient temperature. The pesticides used in this study were Dipel, Siven 85% WP and Water-Dispersible Granules WG insecticides. The detection of pesticides was done by comparing the photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the films dipped in the deionized water and in pesticide solutions by varying the concentration of the pesticide solutions from 2.5 to 2500μg l-1. It was observed that the PL intensity of the films was quenched by the presence of the pesticide molecules. The quenching degree increased with the concentration of the pesticide solutions. There is a linear relationship between the pesticide solution concentrations and the QD film sensor sensitivities. The sensitivity of the sensor system depended on the type of pesticides successively from the highest to lowest sensitivity in the order Siven 85% WP, Dipel and Water-Dispersible Granules WG. The QD films could be used as fluorescence sensors to detect water that is contaminated by pesticides.

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