The critical observation of possibility analysis of particles in the Maxwell - Boltzmann distribution law

Harry Ramza, Luqman Al Hakim Azizan, Nur Hasiba Kamaruddin, Mohd Syuhaimi Ab Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

J. C. Maxwell developed his kinetic theory of gases in 1859. Maxwell determined the distribution of velocities among the molecules of a gas. His finding was later generalized in 1871 by Ludwig Boltzmann to express the distribution of energy levels among the molecules. This paper describes the critical observation of probability comparison of particles displacement in each energy level and mean energy from each particles. The initial conditions is the system consists of 4000 particles where 2000 particles at the first energy level, 1700 particles at the second energy level, 300 particles at the third energy level. Each energy level has the same intrinsic probability. The energy at the first level ( 1), second ( 2) and thirds ( 3) levels are 0 eV, 1 eV, and 2eV, respectively. The probability comparison when three particles which initially occupied the second energy level where two of the particles being excited to the first energy level and the single one fell to the third energy level is 50% from the initial probability distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-877
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Studies in Theoretical Physics
Volume6
Issue number17-20
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Boltzmann distribution
Energy Levels
Ludwig Boltzmann
energy levels
Molecules
Kinetic Theory of Gases
Observation
kinetic theory
Energy
gases
molecules
Initial conditions
Probability Distribution
Express
energy

Keywords

  • Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution
  • Particles displacement
  • Probability distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

The critical observation of possibility analysis of particles in the Maxwell - Boltzmann distribution law. / Ramza, Harry; Azizan, Luqman Al Hakim; Kamaruddin, Nur Hasiba; Ab Rahman, Mohd Syuhaimi.

In: Advanced Studies in Theoretical Physics, Vol. 6, No. 17-20, 2012, p. 869-877.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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