The biology of microalgae

Ranganathan Rajkumar, Zahira Yaakob

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Algae are a diverse group of organisms that can perform photosynthesis efciently. On the basis of morphology and size, algae can be subdivided and are classied into two main categories: macroalgae and microalgae. Macroalgae consist of multiple cells that organize into structures resembling the roots, stems, and leaves of higher plants (e.g., kelp). Microalgae are an extremely diverse group of primary producers present in almost all ecosystems on Earth, ranging from marine, freshwater, desert sands, and hot springs, to snow and ice (Guschina and Harwood, 2006). They are colonial or single-celled organisms that have garnered increasing amounts of attention and interest for industrial purposes. They are categorized into divisions based on various characteristics such as morphological features, pigmentation, the chemical nature of photosynthetic storage products, and the organization of photosynthetic membranes. The four most important algal groups in terms of abundance are green algae (Chlorophyceae), diatoms (Bacillariophyceae), blue-green algae (Cyanophyceae), and golden algae (Chrysophyceae) (Khan et al., 2009). According to estimations reported by Cardozo et al. (2007), they include between 200,000 and 800,000 species, of which about only 35,000 species have been described.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiotechnological Applications of Microalgae
Subtitle of host publicationBiodiesel and Value-Added Products
PublisherCRC Press
Pages7-16
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781466515307
ISBN (Print)9781466515291
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Fingerprint

Chrysophyta
Microalgae
algae
Seaweed
Cyanobacteria
Algae
microalgae
Chrysophyceae
macroalgae
Kelp
Bacillariophyceae
alga
Hot Springs
Diatoms
Biological Sciences
Snow
Chlorophyta
Plant Leaves
Pigmentation
Photosynthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Rajkumar, R., & Yaakob, Z. (2013). The biology of microalgae. In Biotechnological Applications of Microalgae: Biodiesel and Value-Added Products (pp. 7-16). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/b14920

The biology of microalgae. / Rajkumar, Ranganathan; Yaakob, Zahira.

Biotechnological Applications of Microalgae: Biodiesel and Value-Added Products. CRC Press, 2013. p. 7-16.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Rajkumar, R & Yaakob, Z 2013, The biology of microalgae. in Biotechnological Applications of Microalgae: Biodiesel and Value-Added Products. CRC Press, pp. 7-16. https://doi.org/10.1201/b14920
Rajkumar R, Yaakob Z. The biology of microalgae. In Biotechnological Applications of Microalgae: Biodiesel and Value-Added Products. CRC Press. 2013. p. 7-16 https://doi.org/10.1201/b14920
Rajkumar, Ranganathan ; Yaakob, Zahira. / The biology of microalgae. Biotechnological Applications of Microalgae: Biodiesel and Value-Added Products. CRC Press, 2013. pp. 7-16
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