The application of aluminum and hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen for internal combustion engine via hydrogen mixture with gasoline based on specific fuel consumption

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Combustion performance from the use of hydrogen generated through chemical activity between aluminum and hydrochloric acid that can be applied as an alternative fuel source for internal combustion engine needs is the aim of this paper. Applications of a mixture of hydrogen with petrol can be used to increase the combustion performance especially on the effect of sfc. Sfc is the parameter used in stoichiometric ratio for the combustion process. The methodology includes the production process of hydrogen, interpretation of reaction rates and the effect on specific fuel consumption (sfc) for internal combustion engine. This results showed 0.7412 mole of hydrogen can be generated through the chemical reaction between 20 grams of aluminium with 250 ml of hydrochloric acid or 1 kg of aluminium can produce 37.06 moles which is equivalent to 108 grams hydrogen. Fuel economy of each load test was 6.5% (L0), 18.5% (L1) and 30% (L2) in grams per kilowatt hour. The rate used in each test load was 100 g/kWh (L0), 80. 77 g/kWh (L1), and 112 g/kWh (L2) compared to petrol of 107 g/kWh (L0), 99.23 g/kWh (L1) and 162 g/kWh (L2). Results from the combustion of petrol, air and hydrogen in proportion of 100 g/kWh, 80.77 g/kWh and 112 g/kWh was able to improve the quality of combustion compared to the normal fuel consumption. The total use of sfc achieved 20.3% savings in grams per kilowatt hour for the engine (G + H2) with an average value of 98 g/kWh compared to the engine (G) with an average value of 123 g/kWh.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research
PublisherTrans Tech Publications
Pages1804-1811
Number of pages8
Volume875-877
ISBN (Print)9783037859933
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event2012 International Conference on Advanced Material and Manufacturing Science, ICAMMS 2012 - Beijing
Duration: 20 Dec 201221 Dec 2012

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume875-877
ISSN (Print)10226680

Other

Other2012 International Conference on Advanced Material and Manufacturing Science, ICAMMS 2012
CityBeijing
Period20/12/1221/12/12

Fingerprint

Hydrochloric acid
Internal combustion engines
Fuel consumption
Gasoline
Aluminum
Hydrogen
Engines
Alternative fuels
Fuel economy
Reaction rates
Chemical reactions
Air

Keywords

  • Aluminium
  • Hydrochloric acid (HCL)
  • Hydrogen
  • Internal combustion engine
  • Renewable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

The application of aluminum and hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen for internal combustion engine via hydrogen mixture with gasoline based on specific fuel consumption. / Hj Razali, Halim; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Mat, Sohif.

Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 875-877 Trans Tech Publications, 2014. p. 1804-1811 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 875-877).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hj Razali, H, Sopian, K & Mat, S 2014, The application of aluminum and hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen for internal combustion engine via hydrogen mixture with gasoline based on specific fuel consumption. in Advanced Materials Research. vol. 875-877, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 875-877, Trans Tech Publications, pp. 1804-1811, 2012 International Conference on Advanced Material and Manufacturing Science, ICAMMS 2012, Beijing, 20/12/12. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.875-877.1804
@inproceedings{f41a148e6121494ea20ce65e45a6c899,
title = "The application of aluminum and hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen for internal combustion engine via hydrogen mixture with gasoline based on specific fuel consumption",
abstract = "Combustion performance from the use of hydrogen generated through chemical activity between aluminum and hydrochloric acid that can be applied as an alternative fuel source for internal combustion engine needs is the aim of this paper. Applications of a mixture of hydrogen with petrol can be used to increase the combustion performance especially on the effect of sfc. Sfc is the parameter used in stoichiometric ratio for the combustion process. The methodology includes the production process of hydrogen, interpretation of reaction rates and the effect on specific fuel consumption (sfc) for internal combustion engine. This results showed 0.7412 mole of hydrogen can be generated through the chemical reaction between 20 grams of aluminium with 250 ml of hydrochloric acid or 1 kg of aluminium can produce 37.06 moles which is equivalent to 108 grams hydrogen. Fuel economy of each load test was 6.5{\%} (L0), 18.5{\%} (L1) and 30{\%} (L2) in grams per kilowatt hour. The rate used in each test load was 100 g/kWh (L0), 80. 77 g/kWh (L1), and 112 g/kWh (L2) compared to petrol of 107 g/kWh (L0), 99.23 g/kWh (L1) and 162 g/kWh (L2). Results from the combustion of petrol, air and hydrogen in proportion of 100 g/kWh, 80.77 g/kWh and 112 g/kWh was able to improve the quality of combustion compared to the normal fuel consumption. The total use of sfc achieved 20.3{\%} savings in grams per kilowatt hour for the engine (G + H2) with an average value of 98 g/kWh compared to the engine (G) with an average value of 123 g/kWh.",
keywords = "Aluminium, Hydrochloric acid (HCL), Hydrogen, Internal combustion engine, Renewable energy",
author = "{Hj Razali}, Halim and Kamaruzzaman Sopian and Sohif Mat",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.875-877.1804",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783037859933",
volume = "875-877",
series = "Advanced Materials Research",
publisher = "Trans Tech Publications",
pages = "1804--1811",
booktitle = "Advanced Materials Research",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - The application of aluminum and hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen for internal combustion engine via hydrogen mixture with gasoline based on specific fuel consumption

AU - Hj Razali, Halim

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

AU - Mat, Sohif

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Combustion performance from the use of hydrogen generated through chemical activity between aluminum and hydrochloric acid that can be applied as an alternative fuel source for internal combustion engine needs is the aim of this paper. Applications of a mixture of hydrogen with petrol can be used to increase the combustion performance especially on the effect of sfc. Sfc is the parameter used in stoichiometric ratio for the combustion process. The methodology includes the production process of hydrogen, interpretation of reaction rates and the effect on specific fuel consumption (sfc) for internal combustion engine. This results showed 0.7412 mole of hydrogen can be generated through the chemical reaction between 20 grams of aluminium with 250 ml of hydrochloric acid or 1 kg of aluminium can produce 37.06 moles which is equivalent to 108 grams hydrogen. Fuel economy of each load test was 6.5% (L0), 18.5% (L1) and 30% (L2) in grams per kilowatt hour. The rate used in each test load was 100 g/kWh (L0), 80. 77 g/kWh (L1), and 112 g/kWh (L2) compared to petrol of 107 g/kWh (L0), 99.23 g/kWh (L1) and 162 g/kWh (L2). Results from the combustion of petrol, air and hydrogen in proportion of 100 g/kWh, 80.77 g/kWh and 112 g/kWh was able to improve the quality of combustion compared to the normal fuel consumption. The total use of sfc achieved 20.3% savings in grams per kilowatt hour for the engine (G + H2) with an average value of 98 g/kWh compared to the engine (G) with an average value of 123 g/kWh.

AB - Combustion performance from the use of hydrogen generated through chemical activity between aluminum and hydrochloric acid that can be applied as an alternative fuel source for internal combustion engine needs is the aim of this paper. Applications of a mixture of hydrogen with petrol can be used to increase the combustion performance especially on the effect of sfc. Sfc is the parameter used in stoichiometric ratio for the combustion process. The methodology includes the production process of hydrogen, interpretation of reaction rates and the effect on specific fuel consumption (sfc) for internal combustion engine. This results showed 0.7412 mole of hydrogen can be generated through the chemical reaction between 20 grams of aluminium with 250 ml of hydrochloric acid or 1 kg of aluminium can produce 37.06 moles which is equivalent to 108 grams hydrogen. Fuel economy of each load test was 6.5% (L0), 18.5% (L1) and 30% (L2) in grams per kilowatt hour. The rate used in each test load was 100 g/kWh (L0), 80. 77 g/kWh (L1), and 112 g/kWh (L2) compared to petrol of 107 g/kWh (L0), 99.23 g/kWh (L1) and 162 g/kWh (L2). Results from the combustion of petrol, air and hydrogen in proportion of 100 g/kWh, 80.77 g/kWh and 112 g/kWh was able to improve the quality of combustion compared to the normal fuel consumption. The total use of sfc achieved 20.3% savings in grams per kilowatt hour for the engine (G + H2) with an average value of 98 g/kWh compared to the engine (G) with an average value of 123 g/kWh.

KW - Aluminium

KW - Hydrochloric acid (HCL)

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Internal combustion engine

KW - Renewable energy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896297671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84896297671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.875-877.1804

DO - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.875-877.1804

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84896297671

SN - 9783037859933

VL - 875-877

T3 - Advanced Materials Research

SP - 1804

EP - 1811

BT - Advanced Materials Research

PB - Trans Tech Publications

ER -