Pemerolehan klausa relatif dalam kalangan kanak-kanak Melayu: Satu kajian awal

Translated title of the contribution: The acquisition of relative clause among Malay children: An initial study

Nadzrah Abu Bakar, A Razak Rogayah, Hui Woan Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This initial study examines the development of the acquisition of relative clauses among Malay children in the Klang Valley. The objectives of the study were to determine the abilities of Malay children in using relative clause structures in Malay across two different age groups and to determine whether the acquisition of relative clauses is developmental in nature i.e. developing across the age range. In addition, this study will also analyze the error patterns produced by the subjects based on specific error categories in order to show the developmental nature of the acquisition of Malay relative clauses. Six subjects were recruited and divided into two groups: the preschool children and the primary school children aged seven. Data was collected using two main methods: (i) sentence-picture matching - to test the comprehension of relative clause structures and (ii) picture selection and picture description to test the production abilities of relative clauses. Both activities test the abilities of subjects to comprehend and produce subject relative clauses (SRC) and object relative clauses (ORC). The findings showed that there was no significant difference between the preschool children and the primary school children in terms of the comprehension abilities of relative clauses,but there was a significant difference in terms of the production of relative clauses. The preschool children have limited abilities in the ORC when compared to the primary school subjects. Incidentally, the ORC structures have yet to be acquired by the primary school children. The ORC structures are acquired quite late and the development of relative clauses is still continuing among the primary school children. However, it was found that the mean score obtained increased with the increase in age. The qualitative analysis showed that subjects used strategies such as the simplification and substitution strategy. The subjects also use different language varieties: the preschool subjects tended to use colloquial Malay variety, while the primary school children used the standard Malay, and this dichotomy greatly affected their performance in the activities.

Original languageMalay
Pages (from-to)145-165
Number of pages21
JournalGEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
Volume16
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Fingerprint

primary school
schoolchild
preschool child
ability
comprehension
colloquial
Relative Clauses
substitution
age group
language
performance
Primary School
Group
School children
Clause Structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory

Cite this

Pemerolehan klausa relatif dalam kalangan kanak-kanak Melayu : Satu kajian awal. / Abu Bakar, Nadzrah; Rogayah, A Razak; Lim, Hui Woan.

In: GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, Vol. 16, No. 3, 01.10.2016, p. 145-165.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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