The ability of recovery locus of control scale (RLOC) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) to predict the physical functioning of stroke patients

Mohd Faizal Mohd Zulkifly, Shazli Ezzat Ghazali, Normah Che Din, Asmawati Desa, Raymond Azman Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to address the ability of the recovery locus of control scale (RLOC) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) to predict physical functioning among stroke patients. In addition, the best predictors within the subdomains of the RLOC and PTSS were also investigated. Methods: A total of 147 stroke patients aged 33–85 years who had intact cognitive functioning were involved in the study. The Recovery Locus of Control Scale (RLOC), the Impact of Event Scale- Revised (IES-R), and the Barthel Index (ADL) were administered to respondents six weeks after stroke. Results: The results showed that the RLOC and PTSS were significant predictors and were capable of predicting 31% of the physical functioning of stroke patients (adjusted R<sup>2</sup> = 0.31; P < 0.001). Furthermore, with respect to clinical factors, the affected lesion side contributed to predicting 7% of the physical functioning (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.07; P < 0.001). A hierarchical regression analysis found that the internal recovery locus of control (IRLOC) was a predictor capable of explaining 18% of the predicted physical functioning (adjusted R<sup>2</sup> = 0.18; P < 0.001). Meanwhile, avoidance was the most influential significant predictor among PTSS, contributing to 24% of the predicting physical functioning (adjusted R<sup>2</sup> = 0.24; P < 0.001). Conclusion: In conclusion, the RLOC and PTSS were capable of predicting physical functioning among stroke patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-41
Number of pages11
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume22
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015

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Aptitude
Internal-External Control
Stroke
Activities of Daily Living

Keywords

  • Disability
  • Locus of control
  • Physical activity
  • Post-traumatic stress disorders
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "The ability of recovery locus of control scale (RLOC) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) to predict the physical functioning of stroke patients",
abstract = "Background: The aim of this study was to address the ability of the recovery locus of control scale (RLOC) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) to predict physical functioning among stroke patients. In addition, the best predictors within the subdomains of the RLOC and PTSS were also investigated. Methods: A total of 147 stroke patients aged 33–85 years who had intact cognitive functioning were involved in the study. The Recovery Locus of Control Scale (RLOC), the Impact of Event Scale- Revised (IES-R), and the Barthel Index (ADL) were administered to respondents six weeks after stroke. Results: The results showed that the RLOC and PTSS were significant predictors and were capable of predicting 31{\%} of the physical functioning of stroke patients (adjusted R2 = 0.31; P < 0.001). Furthermore, with respect to clinical factors, the affected lesion side contributed to predicting 7{\%} of the physical functioning (R2 = 0.07; P < 0.001). A hierarchical regression analysis found that the internal recovery locus of control (IRLOC) was a predictor capable of explaining 18{\%} of the predicted physical functioning (adjusted R2 = 0.18; P < 0.001). Meanwhile, avoidance was the most influential significant predictor among PTSS, contributing to 24{\%} of the predicting physical functioning (adjusted R2 = 0.24; P < 0.001). Conclusion: In conclusion, the RLOC and PTSS were capable of predicting physical functioning among stroke patients.",
keywords = "Disability, Locus of control, Physical activity, Post-traumatic stress disorders, Stroke",
author = "{Mohd Zulkifly}, {Mohd Faizal} and Ghazali, {Shazli Ezzat} and {Che Din}, Normah and Asmawati Desa and Ali, {Raymond Azman}",
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T1 - The ability of recovery locus of control scale (RLOC) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) to predict the physical functioning of stroke patients

AU - Mohd Zulkifly, Mohd Faizal

AU - Ghazali, Shazli Ezzat

AU - Che Din, Normah

AU - Desa, Asmawati

AU - Ali, Raymond Azman

PY - 2015/9/1

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N2 - Background: The aim of this study was to address the ability of the recovery locus of control scale (RLOC) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) to predict physical functioning among stroke patients. In addition, the best predictors within the subdomains of the RLOC and PTSS were also investigated. Methods: A total of 147 stroke patients aged 33–85 years who had intact cognitive functioning were involved in the study. The Recovery Locus of Control Scale (RLOC), the Impact of Event Scale- Revised (IES-R), and the Barthel Index (ADL) were administered to respondents six weeks after stroke. Results: The results showed that the RLOC and PTSS were significant predictors and were capable of predicting 31% of the physical functioning of stroke patients (adjusted R2 = 0.31; P < 0.001). Furthermore, with respect to clinical factors, the affected lesion side contributed to predicting 7% of the physical functioning (R2 = 0.07; P < 0.001). A hierarchical regression analysis found that the internal recovery locus of control (IRLOC) was a predictor capable of explaining 18% of the predicted physical functioning (adjusted R2 = 0.18; P < 0.001). Meanwhile, avoidance was the most influential significant predictor among PTSS, contributing to 24% of the predicting physical functioning (adjusted R2 = 0.24; P < 0.001). Conclusion: In conclusion, the RLOC and PTSS were capable of predicting physical functioning among stroke patients.

AB - Background: The aim of this study was to address the ability of the recovery locus of control scale (RLOC) and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) to predict physical functioning among stroke patients. In addition, the best predictors within the subdomains of the RLOC and PTSS were also investigated. Methods: A total of 147 stroke patients aged 33–85 years who had intact cognitive functioning were involved in the study. The Recovery Locus of Control Scale (RLOC), the Impact of Event Scale- Revised (IES-R), and the Barthel Index (ADL) were administered to respondents six weeks after stroke. Results: The results showed that the RLOC and PTSS were significant predictors and were capable of predicting 31% of the physical functioning of stroke patients (adjusted R2 = 0.31; P < 0.001). Furthermore, with respect to clinical factors, the affected lesion side contributed to predicting 7% of the physical functioning (R2 = 0.07; P < 0.001). A hierarchical regression analysis found that the internal recovery locus of control (IRLOC) was a predictor capable of explaining 18% of the predicted physical functioning (adjusted R2 = 0.18; P < 0.001). Meanwhile, avoidance was the most influential significant predictor among PTSS, contributing to 24% of the predicting physical functioning (adjusted R2 = 0.24; P < 0.001). Conclusion: In conclusion, the RLOC and PTSS were capable of predicting physical functioning among stroke patients.

KW - Disability

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