Tent construction and social organization in Cynopterus brachyotis (Muller) (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in Peninsular Malaysia

K. H. Tan, Zubaid Akbar Mukhtar Ahmad, T. H. Kunz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the tent-making behaviour and social organization of the lesser dog-faced fruit bat, Cynopterus brachyotis (Muller), in Peninsular Malaysia. Cynopterus brachyotis alters the leaves of eight species of broad-leafed palms (Palmae) to form palmate umbrella tents, the leaves of Scindapsus aureus Engl. (Araceae) to form apical tents, and the leaves of Dracaena fragrans Ker-Gawl (Liliaceae) to form conical tents. Cynopterus brachyotis also severed the roots of Cymbidium finlaysonianum Lindl (Orchidaceae), and the leaves and stems of Philodendron lacerum Schott (Araceae) to form stem tents. In addition, C. brachyotis also roosted in unmodified plants. Cynopterus brachyotis possesses a harem type of social organization, but it was not possible to distinguish between a resource-defence polygyny and female-defence polygyny mating system. Our observations indicate that dominant males construct tents, and recruit females for the purpose of gaining reproductive access.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1605-1621
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Natural History
Volume31
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1997

Fingerprint

Araceae
Cynopterus
Pteropodidae
Malaysia
social organization
social structure
Philodendron
Chiroptera
Dracaena
Orchidaceae
Liliaceae
polygyny
Scindapsus aureus
Dracaena fragrans
leaves
Fruit
stem
Dogs
harem
Cymbidium

Keywords

  • Cynopterus brachyotis
  • Harems
  • Malaysia
  • Palms
  • Polygyny
  • Roost fidelity
  • Roosting behaviour
  • Tent architecture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Ecology

Cite this

Tent construction and social organization in Cynopterus brachyotis (Muller) (Chiroptera : Pteropodidae) in Peninsular Malaysia. / Tan, K. H.; Mukhtar Ahmad, Zubaid Akbar; Kunz, T. H.

In: Journal of Natural History, Vol. 31, No. 11, 11.1997, p. 1605-1621.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tan, K. H. ; Mukhtar Ahmad, Zubaid Akbar ; Kunz, T. H. / Tent construction and social organization in Cynopterus brachyotis (Muller) (Chiroptera : Pteropodidae) in Peninsular Malaysia. In: Journal of Natural History. 1997 ; Vol. 31, No. 11. pp. 1605-1621.
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