Tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composite at various temperatures and orientations

Dulina Tholibon, Abu Bakar Sulong, Norhamidi Muhamad, Izdihar Tharazi, Nur Farhani Ismail, Duratul Ain Tholibon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The development of bio-composites as biodegradable and renewable materials for sustainable technology are advantageous in creating a green and healthy environment. However, the application of natural fiber as a bio-composite material have been found to be restricted especially as it has lower thermal resistance in comparison to synthetic fiber. Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate the influence of fiber orientations on the tensile properties at various tensile temperatures for unidirectional kenaf polypropylene (PP) composite. Samples were prepared by hot pressing process. In this study, kenaf long fibers that are produced from water retting process is use as a reinforcement agent while PP as a polymer in the composite fabrication. A tensile test was carried out at different temperatures (30°C, 60°C, 90°C, 120°C) for various orientations (0°, 45° and 90°). It was found that an increase of temperature will reduce the modulus and tensile strength where the highest reduction occurred between 60°C to 120°C and most significantly on the orientation of 45° and 90°, which is lower than pure PP. This concludes that the application of kenaf PP composite is optimum between room temperature with a cut-off temperature at 60°C.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterial Science and Engineering Technology V
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages16-19
Number of pages4
Volume890 MSF
ISBN (Print)9783035710281
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event5th International Conference on Material Science and Engineering Technology, ICMSET 2016 - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 29 Oct 201631 Oct 2016

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume890 MSF
ISSN (Print)02555476

Other

Other5th International Conference on Material Science and Engineering Technology, ICMSET 2016
CountryJapan
CityTokyo
Period29/10/1631/10/16

Fingerprint

Polypropylenes
tensile properties
Tensile properties
polypropylene
composite materials
Composite materials
Temperature
synthetic fibers
temperature
fiber orientation
fibers
Natural fibers
hot pressing
Synthetic fibers
Hot pressing
thermal resistance
Fiber reinforced materials
tensile tests
reinforcement
Heat resistance

Keywords

  • Mechanical properties
  • Natural fiber
  • Orientation
  • Tensile temperature
  • Thermoplastic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Tholibon, D., Sulong, A. B., Muhamad, N., Tharazi, I., Ismail, N. F., & Tholibon, D. A. (2017). Tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composite at various temperatures and orientations. In Material Science and Engineering Technology V (Vol. 890 MSF, pp. 16-19). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 890 MSF). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.890.16

Tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composite at various temperatures and orientations. / Tholibon, Dulina; Sulong, Abu Bakar; Muhamad, Norhamidi; Tharazi, Izdihar; Ismail, Nur Farhani; Tholibon, Duratul Ain.

Material Science and Engineering Technology V. Vol. 890 MSF Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2017. p. 16-19 (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 890 MSF).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Tholibon, D, Sulong, AB, Muhamad, N, Tharazi, I, Ismail, NF & Tholibon, DA 2017, Tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composite at various temperatures and orientations. in Material Science and Engineering Technology V. vol. 890 MSF, Materials Science Forum, vol. 890 MSF, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 16-19, 5th International Conference on Material Science and Engineering Technology, ICMSET 2016, Tokyo, Japan, 29/10/16. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.890.16
Tholibon D, Sulong AB, Muhamad N, Tharazi I, Ismail NF, Tholibon DA. Tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composite at various temperatures and orientations. In Material Science and Engineering Technology V. Vol. 890 MSF. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2017. p. 16-19. (Materials Science Forum). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.890.16
Tholibon, Dulina ; Sulong, Abu Bakar ; Muhamad, Norhamidi ; Tharazi, Izdihar ; Ismail, Nur Farhani ; Tholibon, Duratul Ain. / Tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf polypropylene composite at various temperatures and orientations. Material Science and Engineering Technology V. Vol. 890 MSF Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2017. pp. 16-19 (Materials Science Forum).
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