Tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf fiber polypropylene composite

Dulina Tholibon, Abu Bakar Sulong, Norhamidi Muhamad, Nur Farhani Ismail, Izdihar Tharazi, Mohd Khairul Fadzly Md Radzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the last decade, awareness of environmental issues and the shortage of petroleum resources contribute to the important factors that encourage researchers to explore the potential use of natural fibers such as kenaf as reinforcement in fiber reinforced composites. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of different processing condition (temperature, pressure and pressing time) on the tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf fiber polypropylene composite. Samples of composites were prepared by a hot pressing method. In this work, kenaf continuous long fibers from water retting process at 40%wt were aligned in parallel. Polypropylene (PP) in the form of pellets and powder had been used as a matrix. The results showed that, samples produced at temperature 2100C and pressure 5 MPa for 6 minutes hot pressing gives excellent tensile properties which 262% of improvement as compared to pure PP. This indicates that, kenaf fiber is suitable as reinforcement in polymer composite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalJurnal Teknologi
Volume78
Issue number6-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Kenaf fibers
Tensile properties
Polypropylenes
Composite materials
Hot pressing
Reinforcement
Natural fibers
Fibers
Crude oil
Powders
Temperature
Polymers
Processing
Water

Keywords

  • Mechanical properties
  • Natural fiber
  • Thermoplastic polymer
  • Unidirectional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf fiber polypropylene composite. / Tholibon, Dulina; Sulong, Abu Bakar; Muhamad, Norhamidi; Ismail, Nur Farhani; Tharazi, Izdihar; Md Radzi, Mohd Khairul Fadzly.

In: Jurnal Teknologi, Vol. 78, No. 6-9, 2016, p. 101-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tholibon, Dulina ; Sulong, Abu Bakar ; Muhamad, Norhamidi ; Ismail, Nur Farhani ; Tharazi, Izdihar ; Md Radzi, Mohd Khairul Fadzly. / Tensile properties of unidirectional kenaf fiber polypropylene composite. In: Jurnal Teknologi. 2016 ; Vol. 78, No. 6-9. pp. 101-106.
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