Tensile and impact properties of thermoplastic natural rubber reinforced short glass fiber and empty fruit bunch hybrid composites

H. Anuar, Sahrim Ahmad, Rozaidi Rasid, N. S. Nik Daud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) hybrid composite with short glass fiber (GF) and empty fruit bunch (EFB) fiber were prepared via the melt blending method using an internal mixer type Thermo Haake 600p. The TPNR were prepared from natural rubber (NR), liquid natural rubber (LNR) and polypropylene (PP) thermoplastic, with a ratio of 20:10:70. The hybrid composites were prepared at various ratios of GF/EFB with 20% volume fraction. Premixture was performed before the material was discharged into the machine. The study also focused on the effect of fiber (glass and EFB) treatment using silane and maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAgPP) as a coupling agent. In general, composite that contains 10% EFB/10% glass fiber gave an optimum tensile and impact strength for treated and untreated hybrid composites. Tensile properties increase with addition of a coupling agent because of the existence of adherence as shown in the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrograph. Further addition of EFB exceeding 10% reduced the Young's modulus and impact strength. However, the hardness increases with the addition of EFB fiber for the untreated composite and decreases for the treated composite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1059-1063
Number of pages5
JournalPolymer - Plastics Technology and Engineering
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Rubber
Fruits
Glass fibers
Thermoplastics
Composite materials
Polypropylenes
Coupling agents
Impact strength
Maleic Anhydrides
Silanes
Fibers
Maleic anhydride
Tensile properties
fiberglass
Volume fraction
Tensile strength
Elastic moduli
Hardness
Scanning electron microscopy
Liquids

Keywords

  • Empty fruit bunch fiber
  • Hybrid composite
  • Mechanical properties
  • Short glass fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) hybrid composite with short glass fiber (GF) and empty fruit bunch (EFB) fiber were prepared via the melt blending method using an internal mixer type Thermo Haake 600p. The TPNR were prepared from natural rubber (NR), liquid natural rubber (LNR) and polypropylene (PP) thermoplastic, with a ratio of 20:10:70. The hybrid composites were prepared at various ratios of GF/EFB with 20{\%} volume fraction. Premixture was performed before the material was discharged into the machine. The study also focused on the effect of fiber (glass and EFB) treatment using silane and maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAgPP) as a coupling agent. In general, composite that contains 10{\%} EFB/10{\%} glass fiber gave an optimum tensile and impact strength for treated and untreated hybrid composites. Tensile properties increase with addition of a coupling agent because of the existence of adherence as shown in the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrograph. Further addition of EFB exceeding 10{\%} reduced the Young's modulus and impact strength. However, the hardness increases with the addition of EFB fiber for the untreated composite and decreases for the treated composite.",
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AU - Ahmad, Sahrim

AU - Rasid, Rozaidi

AU - Nik Daud, N. S.

PY - 2006

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KW - Short glass fiber

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