Aspek kala dalam nahu Melayu abad ke-17: Perspektif orang Belanda

Translated title of the contribution: Tenses in 17th Malay grammar: Dutch perspectives

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Malay language has no tenses like Latin, English and Dutch. In Malay, tenses or time has not been marked because the hearer can decide based on contexts and relations in utterances. But in the early observation of the Dutch people, Malay was viewed from the same perspectives as Dutch language. Malay was considered the same as the Dutch language which has tenses in verbs. Frederick Houtman presented the Dutch and Malay conjugations in the form of tables in his conversation book Spareck ende woord-boeck. In these conjugation tables Frederick Houtman tried to show that verbs in Malay also can be used as a tense marker. This paper discusses the conjugation tables presented by Frederick Houtman which focus on tenses from the perspective of history of linguistics. Koerner climate of opinion model will be used to discuss the tenses. The findings show that the conjugation tables were parallel with the climate of opinion in the 17th century. In this century, the grammarian's emphasis on conjugation is due to the influence of Latin. It is also in line with the development of grammar writing which was taking place around the world at that time. As Latin was a lingua academica at that time, the influence cannot be avoided. Thus, this make Malay a language parallel with other languages in the world, especially Latin, because Latin means grammar.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)135-148
Number of pages14
JournalGEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
Volume13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Fingerprint

grammar
language
climate
conversation
Dutch Grammar
Tense
linguistics
Latin Language
Conjugation
history
time
Language
Climate
Verbs
Dutch Language
Grammar

Keywords

  • Climate of opinion
  • Conjugation
  • Pronouns
  • Tense marker
  • Verb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Aspek kala dalam nahu Melayu abad ke-17 : Perspektif orang Belanda. / Harun, Karim; Yusof, Maslida.

In: GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2, 05.2013, p. 135-148.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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