Temporal variation of coastal groundwater quality in east coast of Terengganu, Malaysia

Norsyuhada Hairoma, Muhammad Barzani Gasim, Mohd. Ekhwan Toriman, Hafizan Juahir, Azman Azid, Mohammed Hatta Abd Karim, Mohd Khairul Amri Kamarudin, Mazlin Mokhtar, Rahmah Elfitri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Coastal groundwater is extremely vulnerable to saltwater contamination. This study was conducted to investigate the potential contamination of saltwater into coastal groundwater temporally. Data was obtained from PT000017 monitoring well from 2006 to 2012. Nine parameters of water quality were involved for data analyses. Two main diagrams used for data analyses are piper diagram and hydro-chemical facies evolution diagram (HFE-D). All parameters were plotted to produce a piper diagram that determine the water type between different seasons. During wet season, groundwater samples are located in domain III that represent mixed Ca-Na-HCO3 water type; 2007 groundwater sample was located in domain I, represent Ca-HCO3 water type and during 2008 groundwater sample was located in domain II, represent Na-Cl water type. During dry season, groundwater samples are located in domain II that represent mixed Ca-Na-HCO3 water type meanwhile, 2009 and 2011 groundwater samples are located in domain I, represent Ca-HCO3 water type. Subsequently, HFE-D diagram was produced to determine the evolution process of salinization or freshening of coastal groundwater. In this study, all of groundwater samples were in freshening stage except during dry season 2007 groundwater sample was in the phase of salt-water intrusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-154
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE)
Volume7
Issue number3.14 Special Issue 14
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Groundwater
Coastal zones
Water
Chemical Evolution
Piper
Contamination
Salt water intrusion
Water Quality
Water quality
Salts
Monitoring

Keywords

  • Coastal groundwater
  • HFE-D
  • Piper diagram
  • Saltwater
  • Terengganu

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Hardware and Architecture

Cite this

Hairoma, N., Gasim, M. B., Toriman, M. E., Juahir, H., Azid, A., Abd Karim, M. H., ... Elfitri, R. (2018). Temporal variation of coastal groundwater quality in east coast of Terengganu, Malaysia. International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7(3.14 Special Issue 14), 151-154.

Temporal variation of coastal groundwater quality in east coast of Terengganu, Malaysia. / Hairoma, Norsyuhada; Gasim, Muhammad Barzani; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan; Juahir, Hafizan; Azid, Azman; Abd Karim, Mohammed Hatta; Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri; Mokhtar, Mazlin; Elfitri, Rahmah.

In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), Vol. 7, No. 3.14 Special Issue 14, 01.01.2018, p. 151-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hairoma, N, Gasim, MB, Toriman, ME, Juahir, H, Azid, A, Abd Karim, MH, Kamarudin, MKA, Mokhtar, M & Elfitri, R 2018, 'Temporal variation of coastal groundwater quality in east coast of Terengganu, Malaysia', International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), vol. 7, no. 3.14 Special Issue 14, pp. 151-154.
Hairoma N, Gasim MB, Toriman ME, Juahir H, Azid A, Abd Karim MH et al. Temporal variation of coastal groundwater quality in east coast of Terengganu, Malaysia. International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE). 2018 Jan 1;7(3.14 Special Issue 14):151-154.
Hairoma, Norsyuhada ; Gasim, Muhammad Barzani ; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan ; Juahir, Hafizan ; Azid, Azman ; Abd Karim, Mohammed Hatta ; Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri ; Mokhtar, Mazlin ; Elfitri, Rahmah. / Temporal variation of coastal groundwater quality in east coast of Terengganu, Malaysia. In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE). 2018 ; Vol. 7, No. 3.14 Special Issue 14. pp. 151-154.
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