Teachers' knowledge, beliefs and practices of breast self-examination in a city of Philippine: A most cost-effective tool for early detection of breast cancer

Roy Rillera Marzo, Abdus Salam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Breast self-examination (BSE) is a most cost-effective screening-tool for early-detection of breast cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate knowledge, beliefs and practices of BSE among teachers. It was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted in Philippine in 2009. A standardized questionnaire was administered among 450 randomly selected different school-level teachers. Responses were 70% of which 50%, 42% and 8% from elementary, secondary and tertiary school-level teachers respectively. Thirty percent teachers were 11-20 years experienced. BSE knowledge on frequency, starting age and techniques varied from 60%-70%. Only 25% and 39% possessed accurate knowledge on BSE timing during regular and irregular menstruation and 45% knew right position for BSE. Believed to do BSE confidently were only 33%, although 65% motivated. Majority respondents were un-believable about breast cancer susceptibility. Of 73% BSE practiced respondents, only 17% and 24% practiced at recommended interval and time. Main reasons for not practicing BSE did not know how to do, report by 82% respondents. Participants' knowledge, beliefs on BSE were good but practice was low. Planned integrated-educational programs by policy-makers, health care-providers and mass-media are necessary to promote BSE for early detection and management of breast cancer aimed to promote a healthy life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-21
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Breast Self-Examination
Philippines
Early Detection of Cancer
Breast Neoplasms
Costs and Cost Analysis
Mass Media
Menstruation
Administrative Personnel
Health Personnel
Cross-Sectional Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Beliefs
  • Breast
  • Cost-effective-screening-tool
  • Knowledge
  • Practices
  • Self-examination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Teachers' knowledge, beliefs and practices of breast self-examination in a city of Philippine: A most cost-effective tool for early detection of breast cancer",
abstract = "Breast self-examination (BSE) is a most cost-effective screening-tool for early-detection of breast cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate knowledge, beliefs and practices of BSE among teachers. It was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted in Philippine in 2009. A standardized questionnaire was administered among 450 randomly selected different school-level teachers. Responses were 70{\%} of which 50{\%}, 42{\%} and 8{\%} from elementary, secondary and tertiary school-level teachers respectively. Thirty percent teachers were 11-20 years experienced. BSE knowledge on frequency, starting age and techniques varied from 60{\%}-70{\%}. Only 25{\%} and 39{\%} possessed accurate knowledge on BSE timing during regular and irregular menstruation and 45{\%} knew right position for BSE. Believed to do BSE confidently were only 33{\%}, although 65{\%} motivated. Majority respondents were un-believable about breast cancer susceptibility. Of 73{\%} BSE practiced respondents, only 17{\%} and 24{\%} practiced at recommended interval and time. Main reasons for not practicing BSE did not know how to do, report by 82{\%} respondents. Participants' knowledge, beliefs on BSE were good but practice was low. Planned integrated-educational programs by policy-makers, health care-providers and mass-media are necessary to promote BSE for early detection and management of breast cancer aimed to promote a healthy life.",
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